Soutine, Chaim

(1894–1943)
   French painter. Soutine was a compulsive painter, driven to express his inner tensions in thick impasto paint and tormented forms. This urge seized him from earliest childhood, and in the most unlikely surroundings. He was the second last of eleven children born to a poor tailor in a little Lithuanian town. At the age of seven he was beaten and locked up for stealing a few coins in order to buy crayons. A few years later the rabbi’s son flogged him for daring to try and paint his father. His mother obtained twenty- five roubles as damages and used it to send Chaim to Minsk for art lessons. He eventually found his way to Paris with the help of a doctor who befriended him. It is not surprising that his eastern European childhood found no sentimental echo in his art as was the case with his contemporary, CHAGALL.
   In Paris, Soutine lived in desperate want, while feverishly painting the ordinary people and objects around him. For some while, he shared a garret with MODIGLIANI and they took turns to sleep in the single bed. A change in his fortune came when the American collector Barnes heard about him, visited his studio, and bought fifty paintings, now in the Barnes Foundation, near Philadelphia, Pa. With the Nazi occupation of Paris in 1940, Soutine rejected a chance to go to America. Instead, he fled to a small French village and went on painting. The privation and insecurity brought on stomach ulcers and in 1943 he died after an operation in Paris. Soutine left over six hundred vivid and disturbing canvases now in all the world’s major museums.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SOUTINE, CHAIM — (1893–1943), Russian French painter. Soutine was born at Smilovitchi in Lithuania, the tenth of eleven children of a poor tailor. Chaim was interested in nothing but drawing, and at the age of fourteen he ran away, first   to Minsk, then to Vilna …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Soutine, Chaim — (1894 1943)    painter    Born in ghetto in Smilovitchi, Lithuania, the 10th child of a poor family, Chaim Soutine worked for a photographer and studied art in Minsk and Vilna, Russia (1910) before leaving for France. Arriving in Paris (1913), he …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Soutine, Chaim — born 1893/94?, Smilovichi, near Minsk, Russian Empire died Aug. 9, 1943, Paris, Fr. Russian born French painter. After studying art in Vilnius, he went to Paris in 1913 to study at the École des Beaux Arts. An art dealer enabled him to paint for… …   Universalium

  • Soutine,Chaim — Sou·tine (so͞o tēnʹ), Chaim. 1893 1943. Lithuanian born French expressionist painter whose works are often disturbing presentations of distorted figures and gruesome subjects. Among his paintings are Side of Beef (1925) and The Head Valet (1928) …   Universalium

  • Soutine, Chaim — (1893 1943)    French painter. Born in Similovitchi, Lithuania, he studied in the School of Fine Arts in Vilna and later went to Paris. He shared rooms with Amedeo Modigliani. With the Nazi occupation, he fled to a small French village and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Soutine, Chaim — ► (1894 1943) Pintor expresionista francés. Sus retratos y paisajes muestran su carácter angustiado y la inquietud de su espíritu. Autor de Catedral de Chartres. * * * (¿1893/94?, Smilovichi, cerca de Minsk, Imperio ruso–9 ago. 1943, París,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Soutine, Chaim —    см. Сутин, Хаим …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Soutine — Soutine, Chaim …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chaim Soutine — Chaïm Soutine Chaïm Soutine est un peintre français né en Biélorussie dans le village de Smilovitchi, près de Minsk en 1893[1]. Il est mort à Paris, le 9 août 1943. Il a développé précocement une vision et une technique de peinture très …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Soutine — Chaïm Soutine Chaïm Soutine est un peintre français né en Biélorussie dans le village de Smilovitchi, près de Minsk en 1893[1]. Il est mort à Paris, le 9 août 1943. Il a développé précocement une vision et une technique de peinture très …   Wikipédia en Français

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