- (1777–1825)Czar of Russia 1801–25. Alexander was one of the controversial figures of the 19 century. He began his reign with the hope of internal reform but ended it in darkness and oppression. His policy towards the Jews took a similar turn. Realizing that the Jews in those areas of Poland annexed to Russia had been miserably repressed, he set up a committee to consider all aspects of the question. The Jewish Statute, promulgated in 1804, was based on the assumption that the Jews would disappear if encouraged to emerge from their ghetto existence, given secular education and assimilated into Christian cultural life. The statute also called for them to be directed into occupations other than trade, chiefly into factories and agriculture. On the other hand, the law embodied strict regulations restricting the areas where Jews could live, work or own land. This was done allegedly to protect the peasants from exploitation.The horrors of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, and the burning of Moscow, gave the czar’s ill-balanced mind an intensely religious twist. He began a policy of forcing the Jews to convert to Christianity. His reign saw the repression of the Jews increased rather than lessened.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Alexander I. — Alexander hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herrscher namens Alexander 1.1 Alexander I. 1.2 Alexander II. 1.3 Alexander III. 1.4 Alexander IV … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alexander — stammt vom altgriechischen Namen Αλέξανδρος, Aléxandros, und bedeutet so viel wie Der die (fremden) Männer abwehrt und Der Beschützer. Die Bedeutung des Namens wird auch in Zusammenhang mit einem Golem in der jüdischen Mythologie gebracht,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alexander — Alexander, Christopher Alexander, islas de Alexander, sir Harold * * * (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Agassiz, Alexander (Emmanuel Rodolphe) Alexander, archipiélago Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… … Enciclopedia Universal
Alexander VI — Pope Alexander VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander VI Rodrigo Borgia, born at Xativa, near Valencia, in Spain, 1 January, 1431; died in Rome, 18 August, 1503. His parents were Jofre Lançol and Isabella Borja, sister of … Catholic encyclopedia
ALEXANDER° — ALEXANDER°, name of three Russian czars. ALEXANDER I, czar of Russia 1801–25. Alexander I s character and actions were to a large extent shaped by the vicissitudes he experienced in his struggle against napoleon . His ties with Metternich and the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Alexander — puede refererirse a: Alexander Artículos en Wikipedia Todas las páginas que comienzan por «Alexander» Contenido 1 Personajes 2 … Wikipedia Español
Alexander — Alexander, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 614 Housing Units (2000): 305 Land area (2000): 0.448323 sq. miles (1.161152 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.448323 sq. miles (1.161152 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Alexander V — • Pietro Philarghi, born c. 1339, on the island of Crete (Candia), whence his appellation, Peter of Candia; elected 26 June, 1409; died at Bologna, 3 May, 1410 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Alexander V … Catholic encyclopedia
Alexander I — may refer to:*Alexander I of Macedon, king of Macedon 495 450 B.C. *Alexander I of Epirus King of Epirus about 342 B.C. *Pope Alexander I, Pope from 106 to 115 *Alexander I of Scotland (c. 1078 1124), King of Scotland *Alexandru I cel Bun… … Wikipedia
ALEXANDER — (c. 36–7 B.C.E.), son of herod and mariamne . As Herod s heir presumptive, Alexander was educated in Rome with his younger brother Aristobulus from c. 23–17 B.C.E. On his return to Judea he married Glaphyra, the daughter of Archelaus, king of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALEXANDER° — ALEXANDER°, name of seven popes. The following are the most significant for Jewish history: ALEXANDER II, reigned 1061–73, consistently followed the policy set by Pope gregory the Great at the end of the sixth century of applying suasion rather… … Encyclopedia of Judaism