Solomon, ben-Judah

(d. 1051)
   Palestinian gaon. The years of Solomon’s office as gaon (head of the academy) (1025–51) were some of the most troubled of the period. Jerusalem and Ramleh, the two Jewish centres, were conquered by insurgent Arab forces (1024–9) and heavy taxes were collected from the Jewish communities. The academy stood impoverished and pilgrimages to Jerusalem practically ceased. Plague swept the country and in 1033 an earthquake badly damaged Jerusalem and Ramleh. Solomon sent to Egypt to ask for support. A peaceful man, Solomon was criticized for refusing to pronounce the traditional ban against the Karaites from the Mount of Olives. Another controversy arose when Nathan bar-Abraham arrived from Kairouan, North Africa, as head of the court, and proclaimed himself gaon. Solomon, who had influential supporters in Egypt at the Fatimid court, was reaffirmed as gaon, to be followed by Nathan on his death.
   Solomon wrote liturgical poems, some of which were discovered in the Cairo Genizah.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH — (d. 1051), Palestinian gaon and academy head in Jerusalem and in Ramleh from 1025 to 1051. It appears that R. Solomon was the son of a family of scholars from Fez. He married into the family of Solomon b. Joseph ha Kohen, who preceded him in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH OF LUNEL — (Solomon Vivas 1411–?), Provençal philosopher. At the age of 13, under the direction of his teacher, Solomon ben Menahem (Frat Maimon), Solomon composed a commentary on judah halevi s Kuzari, entitled Ḥeshek Shelomo, which is extant in manuscript …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon ben Judah of Lunel — (born 1411) (Hebrew: שלמה בן יהודה) was a Provençal philosopher. His Provençal name was Solomon Vives. When he was only 13 years of age he composed, under the direction of his master, Frat Maimon, a commentary on the Cuzari of Judah ha Levi. This …   Wikipedia

  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH OF DREUX — (or Rouen; 12th–13th centuries), French scholar and tosafist. Solomon was one of the eminent pupils of isaac b. samuel of Dampierre. He was regarded as one of the leaders of French Jewry in his time, and was one of the seven French scholars to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SOLOMON BEN JUDAH HA-BAVLI — (mid tenth century), Hebrew poet. One of the first Hebrew hymnologists in Europe. He appears to have lived in northern Italy though his family was of Oriental origin. Little is known of him apart from some semilegendary allusions to him as an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GABIROL, SOLOMON BEN JUDAH, IBN — (c. 1021–c. 1057; Ar. Abu Ayyub Sulayman ibn Yahya ibn Gabirul; Lat. Avicebron), Spanish poet and philosopher. His Life The main source of information on Ibn Gabirol s life is his poems, although frequently they offer no more than hints. A number …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KLUGER, SOLOMON BEN JUDAH AARON — (1785–1869), talmudist and halakhist. Kluger became known as the Maggid of Brody and as MaHaRSHaK (Morenu ha Rav Shelomo Kluger). He received his early education from his father, the rabbi of Komarov, who died during Solomon s boyhood. At 13 he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ibn-Gabirol, Solomon ben-Judah — (c. 1020–c. 1057)    Spanish philosopher and poet. Ibn Gabirol was born in Moslem Spain, probably in Malaga, and as a child moved with his family to Saragossa. Consumptive and ill tempered, he was an avid student, and was soon well versed in the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Ibn Gabirol, Solomon ben Judah — (1021–58)    Chiefly remembered as one of the greatest Sephardic poets, Ibn Gabirol was also one of the most original and resourceful of the medieval Jewish philosophers. As an inhabitant of Andalusia, he wrote in Arabic and was deeply influenced …   Islamic philosophy dictionary

  • Kluger, Solomon ben Judah Aaron — (1785 1869)    Austrian rabbinic scholar. He was also known as the Maggid of Brody. He initially lived in Rava, where he worked as a shopkeeper. He then became rabbi at Kolki. From there he went to Josefov, and in 1820 to Brody. An opponent of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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