Smuts, Jan Christian

   South African statesman. In the political lobbying that led up to the BALFOUR Declaration of 1917, Dr WEIZMANN found an unexpected ally in the austere and respected South African defence minister, General Smuts, who had been coopted as a member of LLOYD GEORGE’S War Cabinet. Like the Welshman Lloyd George, Smuts belonged to a small nation whose traditional outlook was steeped in the Old Testament, and who felt an affinity with the ancient Hebrews. It was not difficult for Weizmann to persuade Smuts that it would be an act of historic justice to restore the People of the Book to the Land of the Bible. Smuts might himself have been the liberator of the Holy Land. Lloyd George was keen on pressing an offensive against the Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean, early in 1917, and offered Smuts the command. The South African declined, having been persuaded that such a command would be a sideshow of dubious value and little prospect of success. Later that year, after ALLENBY had taken Jerusalem, Smuts was sent on behalf of the War Cabinet to study the possibility of a decisive blow against Turkey. But a new German thrust in the west compelled the withdrawal of Allenby’s best troops. At the end of the war Smuts was one of the architects of the League of Nations and the mandate system. After he succeeded General Botha as prime minister, he continued to follow the fortunes of the Jewish National Home and to give it public and diplomatic support. It was a source of great pride to him that the kibbutz of Ramat Yochanan (‘Height of John’) near Haifa was named after him.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Smuts, Jan (Christian) — born May 24, 1870, Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West, Cape Colony died Sept. 11, 1950, Irene, near Pretoria, S.Af. South African statesman, soldier, and prime minister (1919–24, 1939–48). An Afrikaner, Smuts studied law at Cambridge University.… …   Universalium

  • Smuts, Jan Christian — ► (1870 1950) Político y militar sudafricano. Durante la Guerra anglo bóer (1899 1902) llegó a mandar fuerzas bóers. Al firmarse la paz colaboró lealmente con Gran Bretaña. Fue primer ministro sudafricano (1919 24 y 1939 48) y ministro de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Smuts, Jan Christian —  (1870–1950) Prime minister of South Africa (1919–1924, 1939–1948) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • SMUTS, Jan Christian — (1870 1950)    South African Prime Minister, Army general, statesman and philosopher. His work Holism and Evolution (1926) is credited by many as being an early statement of the PHILOSOPHY of the NEW AGE MOVEMENT …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • SMUTS, JAN CHRISTIAAN° — (1870–1950), South African statesman, soldier, and philosopher. In the first half of the 20th century Smuts was a dominant figure in South African public life, both in war and peace; he occupied a place in world history for his part in the two… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Smuts, Jan — ▪ South African statesman Introduction Christian also spelled  Christiaan   born May 24, 1870, Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Sept. 11, 1950, Irene, near Pretoria, S.Af.  South African statesman, soldier,… …   Universalium

  • Jan Christian Smuts — noun South African statesman and soldier (1870 1950) • Syn: ↑Smuts • Instance Hypernyms: ↑soldier, ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

  • Smuts — Smuts, Jan Christian …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan — /jan/; for 1 also Du., Ger. /yahn/, n. 1. a male given name, form of John. 2. a female given name, form of Janet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brueghel Jan the Elder Jan Amos Komenský Dussek Jan Ladislav Eyck Jan van Gossart Jan Jan Mabuse Jan… …   Universalium

  • Jan Smuts — Infobox Prime Minister name = Jan Christiaan Smuts order = Prime Minister of South Africa term start = 5 September 1939 term end = 4 June 1948 predecessor = James Barry Munnik Hertzog successor = Daniel François Malan term start2 = 3 September… …   Wikipedia

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