Smilansky, Moshe

(1874–1953)
   Israel farmer and writer. Smilansky was born into a family of Jewish farmers in the Ukraine. He settled in Palestine at the age of sixteen and acquired orange plantations near Rehovot which prospered. Smilansky became a leader of the private ‘capitalist’ farmers’ federation, opposed the Jewish labour movement’s policy of ‘Hebrew labour’ and insisted on his right to employ Arab workers, thereby earning much unpopularity in the yishuv.
   Smilansky considered himself a disciple of AHAD HA-AM. He was a prolific writer of fiction and journalism, and the historian of agricultural settlement in Palestine. Among his works are stories depicting Arab village life written under the pseudonym Hawaja Mussa. Smilansky always believed in the possibility of Arab - Jewish reconciliation. He supported the bi-national movement in the later years of the mandate, and opposed the struggle against the British in the 1940s.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SMILANSKY, MOSHE — (literary pseudonyms, Ḥeruti; Ḥawaja Mussa; 1874–1953), Hebrew writer and agricultural pioneer in Ereẓ Israel. Born in Telepino, a village in the province of Kiev, into a family of Jewish tenant farmers, he went to Ereẓ Israel in 1890 and was one …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Smilansky, Moshe — (1874 1953)    Israeli writer. He was born in the Ukraine and in 1890 emigrated to Palestine, where he started a farm near Rehovot. He was a frequent contributor to the Zionist press. He also wrote a set of six autobiographical novels and several …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • SMILANSKY, MEIR — (pseudonym, M. Secco; 1876–1949), Hebrew writer. Born in Kiev district, the brother of moshe smilansky , Meir went to Ereẓ Israel in 1891, and joined his family at Ḥaderah, which had just been founded. In 1892 he returned to Russia where he was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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