Simeon bar-Yohai

(mid 2nd century)
   Palestinian tanna. A pupil of AKIBA, he studied at Bnai Brak. He was one of the five outstanding pupils that survived the Roman persecution after the revolt of BAR-KOCHBA, and continued studying with Akiba after the latter’s imprisonment. Simeon established his school in Tekoah in the Hebron hills and told his pupils they should ‘learn my rules by heart as they are refined from those refined by Akiba’. Due to the brutal killing of his teacher and the religious persecutions of the Jews, Simeon bar-Yohai hated all gentiles and the Romans in particular. Once when they were praised for their public works Simeon said, ‘They have built market places to set harlots in them; baths for their own enjoyment, and bridges to levy tolls.’ The Romans, hearing of this, sentenced him to death. He and his son Eleazar fled and lived in a cave, probably in the Dead Sea area, for thirteen years. It is said they lived off the fruit of a carob tree, water from a nearby spring and the study of the Torah, and that it was the prophet Elijah himself who told them of HADRIAN’S death. After they returned to civilization, Simeon became renowned for his great learning. He was sent as the emissary of the Sanhedrin to Rome to plead with the Senate to annul certain of the anti-Jewish decrees, and was successful. The pupils at his academy in Tekoah included the future patriarch, JUDAH HA-NASI.
   Simeon’s judgments and sayings appear frequently in the Mishnah. He was the reputed author of the Zohar (see Moses de LEON) and thus became a central figure in cabbalistic lore. He was buried at Meron in Galilee and his grave has become a place of pilgrimage on Lag ba-Omer, the anniversary of his death. SIMEON ben-Gamaliel II (of Jabneh) First half of 2nd century. Nasi. Simeon, an erudite scholar, succeeded his father, GAMALIEL II, as nasi (‘patriarch’). He re-established rabbinical authority after the disruption caused by the BARKOCHBA revolt. When he was able to return from a period of hiding, he set about re-shaping the Sanhedrin, which was ruled by a triumvirate: the nasi, av bet-din (‘president’) and the chacham (‘sage’). Simeon also reaffirmed the importance of the Land of Israel over the Babylonian centre of learning. This was important as the nasi once again was responsible for the Jewish calendar and the intercalation - the insertion of an extra month each leap year.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • SIMEON BAR YOḤAI — (mid second century C.E.), tanna. Simeon was one of the most important pupils of akiva . In the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and those midrashei halakhah belonging to the school of R. Akiva, he is almost universally called R. Simeon without any… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simeon ben Yohai — (fl. 2nd cent.)    Palestinian tanna. He was among the five pupils of Akiva who survived the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132 5). When he expressed politicial opinions which were regarded by the Romans as seditious, he was forced to flee for …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Shimon bar Yohaï — Le tombeau de Rabbi Shimon bar Yohaï à Meron pendant Lag Ba Omer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MEKHILTA OF R. SIMEON BEN YOḤAI — (Aram. דְּרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחַאי מְכִילְתָּא) (MS), a halakhic Midrash on Exodus from the school of R. akiva , which is attributed to R. Simeon b. Yohai because of his exposition at the beginning of the book. Several rishonim knew this… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HILLULA DE-RABBI SHIMON BAR YOḤAI, THE FESTIVITY — (hillula ) of R. Simeon b. Yoḥai held in meron on lag ba omer . It originated in the 16th–17th centuries. As early as in the time of isaac luria (16th century) Jews went on Lag ba Omer to the traditional graves of R. Simeon b. Yoḥai and his son R …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rabbi Chimon Bar Yohaï — Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochaï Le tombeau de Rabbi Shimon bar Yochaï à Meron pendant Lag Ba Omer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rabbi Shimon Bar Yohaï — Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochaï Le tombeau de Rabbi Shimon bar Yochaï à Meron pendant Lag Ba Omer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BAR KOKHBA — (d. 135 C.E.), leader of the revolt in Judea against Rome (132–135 C.E.). The Man and the Leader Bar Kokhba is known in talmudic sources as Ben Kozevah, Bar Kozevah, or Ben Koziva (Heb. בן כוזבה, בר כוסבא, בן כוזיבא; Sanh. 93b; BK 97b; TJ, Ta an …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SIMEON BEN GAMALIEL II — (of Jabneh), nasi (first half of second century C.E.), the son of rabban gamaliel of Jabneh and the father of judah ha nasi . Simeon was one of the few survivors after the Romans destroyed the house of the nasi in revenge for the Bar Kokhba… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simeon — See also: Simon Simeon, or Shimon is a given name, from the Hebrew he. שִׁמְעוֹן (Biblical Šimʿon , Tiberian Šimʿôn ). In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon . MeaningThe name is derived from Simeon, son of Jacob and… …   Wikipedia

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