Silver, Abba Hillel

   US Reform rabbi and Zionist leader. A powerful orator with a massive frame, activist views and a belief in public pressures on government, Dr Silver dominated the American Zionist scene for the fifteen years prior to Israel’s statehood in 1948. Brought to the United States from Lithuania at the age of nine, he grew up on New York’s Lower East Side and from 1917 to his death was the rabbi of the Reform Temple in Cleveland, Ohio. He and Rabbi Stephen WISE stood out as fervent Zionists at a time when Zionism was anything but fashionable in the American Reform movement. He was elected president of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, 1945–7. He published a number of works on Jewish religious and historical subjects. In 1943, Silver was elected chairman of the American Zionist Emergency Council, and launched into a vigorous campaign to gain bi-partisan support from Congress and public opinion for Jewish statehood in Palestine. He helped to gain valuable support from leaders of the Republican party, such as Senator Taft and Governor Thomas Dewey. After the end of World War II, Silver emerged as the acknowledged leader of American Zionism and held the positions of president of the Zionist Organization of America and chairman of the American section of the Jewish Agency. He was an outspoken Herzlian political Zionist and scornful of any further reliance on the British connection. At the Zionist Congress in Basle in December 1946, he joined in the attack on Dr WEIZMANN, who resigned as president. During the United Nations debates of 1947–8 Silver shared the leadership of the Jewish Agency delegation with Moshe SHARETT, and appeared before the General Assembly Committee dealing with the question. After the Proclamation of Independence, Silver continued to be active on behalf of Israel, as chairman of the Board of Governors of the State of Israel Bond Organization and a member of the governing bodies of the Hebrew University and the Haifa Technion. The Agricultural Training Institute, Kfar Silver, near Ashkelon, carries his name.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Silver, Abba Hillel — (1893 1963)    American Reform rabbi. He was born in Sirvintos, Lithuania, and was taken to the US in 1902. He served as a rabbi in Wheeling, Virginia, and Cleveland, Ohio. In 1938 he became chairman of the United Palestine Appeal and joint… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abba Hillel Silver — (1893 ndash;1963) was a U.S. Rabbi and Zionist leader. Born Abraham Silver in Lithuania, son and grandson of Orthodox rabbis, he was brought to the US at the age of nine. A Zionist from his youth he made his first speech at a Zionist meeting at… …   Wikipedia

  • SILVER, ABBA (Abraham) HILLEL — (1893–1963), U.S. Reform rabbi, Zionist leader. Silver was born in Lithuania and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1902. While studying at Yeshivat Etz Chaim (later, the Rabbi Yitzhak Elchanan Theological Seminary; see yeshiva… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Silver (disambiguation) — Silver is a chemical element.Silver may also refer to:* Silver (color), a metallic shade resembling gray In economics * Silver as an investment * Silver Certificate, a form of paper currency formerly used in the United States * Silver coin *… …   Wikipedia

  • SILVER, DANIEL JEREMY — (1928–1989), U.S. Reform rabbi. Daniel Jeremy Silver was the son of abba hillel silver (1893–1963). Born in Cleveland, Ohio, he was educated at Harvard University, received his rabbinical ordination from Hebrew Union College, and a doctoral… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Silver — /sil veuhr/, n. Abba Hillel /ab euh/, 1893 1963, U.S. rabbi, born in Lithuania. * * * I Metallic chemical element, one of the transition elements, chemical symbol Ag, atomic number 47. It is a white, lustrous precious metal, valued for its beauty …   Universalium

  • Kfar Silver — Infobox Kibbutz kibbutz name = Kfar Silver foundation = 1957 founded by = Zionist Organization of America region = Southern coastal plain council = Hof Ashkelon industry = affiliation = Moshavim Movement website =Kfar Silver ( he. כפר סילבר, lit …   Wikipedia

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  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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