- (c. 906–1006)Gaon of Pumbedita, 968–1006. By the 10 century the great Babylonian academies were in a period of decline. Sura had been closed a number of years and Pumbedita had sunk to a shadow of its former lustre. Centres of Jewish learning were developing in Kairouan (North Africa), Spain and Franco-Germany, and the communities there had ceased to support the Babylonian centres. Sherira energetically set about reviving Pumbedita. He sent out severe reprimands to the Western communities, asking them to renew their assistance. Queries sent to him were answered with such knowledge that pupils began to flow to his academy. A new period, a last flickering of the candle, was marked by the gaonate of Sherira and his son and successor, HAI. Their answers to queries (responsa) are more numerous than all the extant responsa of the previous geonim. Sherira’s most famous responsum was the Iggeret (‘letter’) in answer to a sage in Kairouan, in which he relates the complete history of halachic development in the talmudic and geonic periods, up to his own time. He lived to the age of a hundred, and dealt with responsa to the end.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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SHERIRA BEN ḤANINA GAON — (c. 906–1006), gaon of Pumbedita from 968–1006. Sherira belonged to the family of the exilarchs, who claimed descent from David. His teachers were his father R. Ḥanina and his grandfather R. Judah, both of whom he mentions frequently in his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sherira Gaon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gaon … Wikipédia en Français
ḤANINA (Ahonai) KAHANA BEN HUNA — (the second half eighth century), gaon of Sura (769–774). A priest belonging to a significant priestly family, he let his nails grow, saying the Temple will soon be rebuilt and they will require a priest qualified for melikah (slaughtering the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Samuel ben Hofni — Le Rav Samuel HaCohen ben Hofni Gaon (hébreu : רב שמואל הכהן בן חפני גאון), dit le Rashba h, est un rabbin babylonien des Xe et XIe siècles. Dernier grand Gaon (directeur académique) de Soura, de 998 à 1013, il est, comme son… … Wikipédia en Français
Samuel ben Hophni — Samuel ben Hofni Le Rav Samuel HaCohen ben Hofni Gaon (hébreu : רב שמואל הכהן בן חפני גאון), dit le Rashba h, est un rabbin babylonien des Xe et XIe siècles. Dernier grand Gaon (directeur académique) de Soura, de 998 à 1013, il est,… … Wikipédia en Français
Hai ben Sherira — ▪ Jewish scholar born 939 died March 23, 1038 last outstanding Babylonian gaon, or head, of a great Talmudic academy, remembered for the range and profundity of the exceptionally large number of responsa (authoritative answers to questions… … Universalium
JACOB BEN NISSIM IBN SHAHIN — (d. 1106/07), scholar of kairouan . Jacob was head of the bet ha midrash in Kairouan. He is referred to under a variety of titles such as ha rav alluf , rosh kallah, ha rosh ( chief rabbi ), etc. He had close ties with the Babylonian academies of … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZACUTO, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL — (1452–c. 1515), astronomer and historian. His ancestors were French Jewish exiles who had come to Castile in 1306. In his biblical and talmudic studies he was instructed by his father and R. isaac aboab ii , and he attended the University of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mar ben Huna — Mar ben R. Huna (Hebrew: מר בר רב הונא or Mar b. Huna or Mar bar Huna; died 614 [ד שע ד, Hebrew calender] or 620 [ד ש פ, Hebrew calender]) was one of the first Gaons, and head of the Sura Academy in Babylon at the end of the rule of the… … Wikipedia
Nehemiah ben Kohen Tzedek — was the head (gaon) of the Academy of Pumbeditha from 960 to 968.  Nehemiah was the son of Kohen Tzedek Kahana ben R. Joseph, who had been gaon. While his predecessor, Aaron ibn Sargado, was still in office, Nehemiah tried to have him removed; … Wikipedia