Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Seventh Earl of

   British reformer. Lord Shaftesbury was regarded as the representative Englishman of the early Victorian period, a devout Christian and a social reformer. Like the Puritan leaders in CROMWELL’S time, he believed that the second advent of Christ would be ushered in by two events: the conversion of ‘God’s ancient people’, and their restoration to the Holy Land. Anglican England would be the chosen instrument to fulfil these aims. For many years he headed the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews. The ‘Jew’s Society’ had a splendid list of patrons, but at its height averaged some seven converts a year. Shaftesbury’s efforts did bring about the appointment of the first Anglican bishop in Jerusalem - a converted Jew called Alexander, who had been a professor of Hebrew. Shaftesbury formulated a plan for resettling the Jews in Palestine and campaigned with single-minded tenacity for its sponsorship by the British government. He contemplated that the returning Jews would once more become ‘the husbandmen of Judea and Galilee’ and that Great Britain would provide the capital and skill required. He persuaded his kinsman Lord Palmerston, the powerful foreign secretary, that such a project would serve Britain’s imperial interests in the Near East. Palmerston wrote to the ambassador in Constantinople to sound out the sultan, but nothing came of it. At Shaftesbury’s instigation, Palmerston ordered the British vice-consul in Jerusalem to compile a census of the Jews in the country, and to try and take them under his protection. The vice- consul reported back that there were 9,690 Jews, practically all of them poor and oppressed.
   Shaftesbury’s ‘Zionist’ plan was published eighty years before Britain was given a mandate over Palestine, that called for the establishment in it of a Jewish National Home.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury — thumb|Bust of Anthony Ashley Cooper, by F. Winter, 1886.In the collection of , Dorchester.Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury (28 April 1801 ndash; 1 October 1885) [cite web|url=||a… …   Wikipedia

  • Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of — (1801–85)    Philanthropist.    Shaftesbury was educated at the University of Oxford and he subsequently entered Parliament. He was of an aristocratic family and was a nephew of Lord Palmerston, who served several terms as Prime Minister. He is… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • SHAFTESBURY, ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER —    1) EARL OF, a notable politician, prominent in the times of Cromwell and Charles II., born, of good parentage, in Dorsetshire; passed through Oxford and entered Lincoln s Inn; sat in the Short Parliament of 1640; changed from the Royalist to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Shaftesbury [2] — Shaftesbury (spr. scháfftsbĕri), 1) Anthony Ashley Cooper, Graf von, engl. Staatsmann, geb. 22. Juli 1621 in Dorsetshire, gest. 21. Jan. 1683, studierte in Oxford, trat 1640 ins Unterhaus und erlangte hier durch Witz, Beredsamkeit und taktische… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • English literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… …   Universalium

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • ethics — /eth iks/, 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics;… …   Universalium

  • philosophy, Western — Introduction       history of Western philosophy from its development among the ancient Greeks to the present.       This article has three basic purposes: (1) to provide an overview of the history of philosophy in the West, (2) to relate… …   Universalium

  • London — /lun deuhn/, n. 1. Jack, 1876 1916, U.S. short story writer and novelist. 2. a metropolis in SE England, on the Thames: capital of the United Kingdom. 3. City of, an old city in the central part of the former county of London: the ancient nucleus …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.