Senesh (Szenes), Hannah

(1921–44)
   Haganah parachutist in Nazi-occupied Europe. Hannah Senesh was born into an assimilated Hungarian Jewish family but became a Zionist under the influence of the strong anti-Semitism existing in Hungary in the late 1930s, which found official expression in anti-Jewish legislation. She emigrated to Palestine in 1939 and eventually joined a kibbutz. In 1942, when news of Hitler’s extermination policy reached the world, she joined a group of Haganah members whom the British military authorities had agreed to train with the aim of dropping them into occupied Europe. Their mission was to rescue allied pilots, organize resistance, and set up a rescue operation for the Jews. Thirty-two Palestinian Jews were sent on the mission. Hannah Senesh parachuted into Yugoslavia in March 1944, a few days before the Germans occupied Hungary and began to deport Jews on a massive scale. She crossed into Hungary in June, only to be captured by the Hungarian police. She refused to give away information even under torture and was executed by a firing-squad on 7 November 1944. Six more of the parachutists also lost their lives on the mission. Hannah Senesh’s ambition was to be a writer, and she left a diary written between the ages of thirteen and twenty-two, and a number of poems in Hungarian and in Hebrew. She was reburied in Israel in 1950.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Hannah Szenes — in a Hungarian army uniform as a Purim costume. Hannah Szenes (Hebrew: חנה סנש‎) (Hungarian: Szenes Anikó), often anglicized as Hannah Senesh (July 17, 1921 – November 7, 1944) was a Hungarian Jew, one of 37 Jews from the British Mandate for… …   Wikipedia

  • Hannah Szenes — ou Chana Senesh (1921 1944), d origine hongroise, fut l’une des 37 personnes juives vivant en Palestine, maintenant Israël, qui ont suivi l’entraînement spécial britannique pour être parachutées ou infiltrées en Europe en vue d’aider à sauver les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hannah Szenes — con un uniforme del ejército húngaro como disfraz de Purim. Lealtad Judaísmo Participó en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hannah Szenes — in ungarischer Armee Uniform, getragen als Purim Kostüm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chana Szenes — Das Grab der Chana Szenes Chana Szenes (* als Anikó Szenes 17. Juli 1921 in Budapest, Ungarn; † 7. November 1944 in Ungarn) war eine jüdische Widerstandskämpferin, die mit anderen jüdischen Frauen und Männern mit ihrem Fallschirm hinter der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Сенеш, Хана — Хана Сенеш Szenes Hanna חנה סנש …   Википедия

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  • Peter Hay — Peter Háy, is the son of Gyula Háy, and is the author of over a dozen books, including an anecdote book series for Oxford University Press, a history of MGM, MGM: When the Lion Roared and Ordinary Heroes: Chana Szenes and the dream of Zion the… …   Wikipedia

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  • MEGGED, AHARON — (1920– ), Israeli writer. Born in Wloclavek, Poland, his family immigrated to Palestine in 1926. He joined kibbutz Sedot Yam and worked at the port of Haifa. Megged left the kibbutz in 1950 and settled in Tel Aviv where he edited the journal Ba… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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