Agrippa I

(10 BC–AD 44)
   Tetrarch of Batanea and Galilee 37–41 ; king of Judea 41–4. Agrippa was the grandson of HEROD and his Hasmonean wife MARIAMNE, through their son Aristobulus. He grew up with the young princes of the emperor’s family in Rome, and became something of a playboy, usually in debt.
   When Caligula succeeded to the imperial throne, he appointed his friend Agrippa as king of the north-eastern territories of Trachonitis and Gaulanitis, of which his uncle PHILIP had been the tetrarch. In 39 BC he was also given the tetrarchy of his banished uncle ANTIPAS, consisting of Galilee, and Perea in Transjordan.
   Soon after, Caligula was murdered, and Agrippa gave his support to the claims of Claudius, who became the new emperor. In AD 41 Claudius recognized Agrippa as king also of Judea and Samaria, and signed a treaty with him. During the next three years, Agrippa gained popular support from his subjects, and his rule was peaceful and beneficial. However, the New Testament is less sympathetic to him. In the Acts of the Apostles, he is accused of acting harshly towards the early Christians, having James the son of Zebedee executed and Peter imprisoned.
   In AD 44 Agrippa died suddenly in Caesarea, maybe by poison, and Judea was once more placed under a Roman procurator. He was the last important Jewish monarch before the independence of Judea was wiped out by the Romans in AD 70.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • AGRIPPA I — (10 B.C.E.–44 C.E.), tetrarch of Batanea (the Bashan) and Galilee, 37–41 C.E., and king of Judea, 41–44 C.E.; grandson of herod and mariamne the Hasmonean, and son of aristobulus and berenice . Agrippa was educated in Rome with other princes at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AGRIPPA — MARCUS VIPSANIUS (AGRIPPA 63 AGRIPPA 12) Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa fait partie de ces hommes peu nombreux qui ont vu la chance passer à leur portée, et qui ont su la saisir. Il est né vers AGRIPPA 63 dans une famille modeste. Le hasard lui sourit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agrippa — ist ein römisches Cognomen, männlicher Vorname und moderner Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Agrippa (von lateinisch: „aegre partus“: „mit Schwierigkeit geboren“, oder „aegripes“: „fußkrank“) ist ein ursprünglich römischer Name, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AGRIPPA II — (Marcus Julius or Herod Agrippa II; 28–92 C.E.), last king of the Herodian line; son of Agrippa I. Like his father he was educated in Rome and he was there when he learnt of his father s death. The emperor Claudius refused to let him succeed on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Agrippa — Agrippa, Mennenius, Gesandter der Patricier an die Plebejer in den Wirren von 494 v. Chr. (Fabel von dem Magen und den Gliedern des menschlichen Leibes); 2) Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, des Octavianus Jugendfreund und sein rechter Arm, als er mit… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Agrippa — Agrippa, röm. Vor , später Beiname. Berühmt sind: 1) Marcus Vipsanius A., Freund, Feldherr und Schwiegersohn des Kaisers Augustus, war 63 v. Chr. geboren, stand, obwohl nicht von vornehmer Abkunft, mit Oktavian in vertrautem Verkehr, begleitete… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Agrippa [2] — Agrippa, Menenius, s. Menenius Agrippa …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Agrippa — [ə grip′ə] 1. (Marcus Vipsanius) 63? 12 B.C.; Rom. military leader & statesman: commander of Octavian s fleet at ACTIUM 2. see HEROD AGRIPPA I …   English World dictionary

  • Agrippa [1] — Agrippa, 1) Menenius A., einer der Gesandten, welche die Patricier zur Unterhandlung mit den, auf den Heiligen Berg ausgewanderten Plebejern (494 v. Chr.) schickten u. welcher den Plebejern die Fabel von dem Magen u. den Gliedern erzählte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agrippa [2] — Agrippa (lat.), Kind, das mit den Füßen zuerst zur Welt kommt, daher: Agripparum (Agrippinus partus), Fußgeburt (s.d.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agrippa — Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius, röm. Feldherr und Staatsmann, geb. 63 v. Chr., Schwiegersohn des Kaisers Augustus, besiegte 36 Sextus Pompejus bei Mylä und Naulochos und begründete durch seinen Sieg bei Actium (31) die Alleinherrschaft des Augustus.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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