- (882–942)Gaon of Sura 922–42. Saadiah was the most eminent of the geonim, and was instrumental in saving rabbinic Judaism from the dangers of sectarianism which gravely threatened it at that time. Saadiah was born in Egypt. At the age of twenty he published a Hebrew dictionary, followed three years later by a polemic against Karaism, the sect which threatened to split the Jewish world at the time (see Anan ben-David).After a period in Palestine and Aleppo, Syria, Saadiah settled in Babylonia. He was involved in a fierce dispute with the Palestinian gaon, Aharon ben-Meir, about the fixing of the dates for the holy days. Saadiah’s book on the subject became accepted. Soon after, he was appointed gaon of the famous academy of Sura. It had been declining, and there was a proposal to close it and transfer its pupils to Pumbedita. Under Saadiah, the prestige of the academy revived. The greatest scholar of his day, he attracted students from far and near, and answered legal queries from communities elsewhere.After two years, he fell out with DAVID BEN-ZAKKAI, the exilarch who had appointed him. When Saadiah refused to endorse a judgment given in the exilarch’s court, David ben-Zakkai appointed someone else to replace him. In return, Saadiah appointed a different exilarch. The quarrel split the Baghdad community and provoked the intervention of the caliph. After seven years, the elders of the community arranged a reconciliation, and Saadiah, who had been forced to flee, was reinstalled in office.Saadiah was supreme in all the fields of Jewish scholarship of the time: halachah, grammar, translation and philosophy. He also composed liturgical poetry. He was the first to write halachic books on single subjects, with sectional divisions. His best-known work was the great philosophical-theological treatise, The Book of Beliefs and Opinions (written in Arabic; English tr. 1948).
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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SAADIAH (Ben Joseph) GAON — (882–942), greatest scholar and author of the geonic period and important leader of Babylonian Jewry. Saadiah was born in Pithom (Abu Suweir), in the Faiyum district in Egypt. Little is known about his family except that his opponents slandered… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SAADIAH BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (16th century), Yemenite rabbi, poet, and paytan. Saadiah was one of the leading scholars of his time in Sanʿa (and later in Jiblah). He composed piyyutim and poems. Several of his piyyutim, including one on the Akedah (the binding of Isaac),… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ṢEFIRAH, SAADIAH BEN JOSEPH — (middle of the 19th century), Yemenite author of the work Kesef Ẓaruf (Jerusalem, 1896), novellae on the Torah. The work includes extracts from ancient and recent biblical commentators, especially from the Ḥemdat Yamim, which is attributed to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Saadia ben Joseph — Saadia Gaon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saadia (homonymie) et Gaon (homonymie). Saadia Gaon (hébreu רב סעדיה בן יוסף גאון סורא Rav Saadia ben Yosseph Gaon Soura, arabe سعيد إبن يوسف الفيّومي Sa īd ibn Yūsuf al Fayyūmi), dit le Rassag (רס״ג) … Wikipédia en Français
Saadia Ben Joseph Gaon — Saadia Gaon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saadia (homonymie) et Gaon (homonymie). Saadia Gaon (hébreu רב סעדיה בן יוסף גאון סורא Rav Saadia ben Yosseph Gaon Soura, arabe سعيد إبن يوسف الفيّومي Sa īd ibn Yūsuf al Fayyūmi), dit le Rassag (רס״ג) … Wikipédia en Français
AARON BEN JOSEPH HA-KOHEN SARGADO — (also known as Ḥalaf ibn Sargado), gaon and head of the academy at Pumbedita, 942–60. His antagonist saadiah gaon slanderously altered his Arabic first name, Ḥalaf, to read Kelev ( dog ) and it appears in this erroneous form in the Hebrew… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MENAHEM BEN MICHAEL BEN JOSEPH — MENAHEM BEN MICHAEL BEN JOSEPH, medieval Karaite scholar. He was author of a Hebrew polemical epistle in verse addressed to Akylas the Proselyte, in care of Saadiah the Rabbanite, dealing with the laws of slaughtering. , who first published the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TAVUS, JACOB BEN JOSEPH — (16th century), author of a Judeo Persian translation of the Pentateuch, written in Hebrew characters. This work was included in one edition of the polyglot Bible printed in Constantinople in 1546 by eleazar b. gerson soncino together with the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ABUDARHAM, DAVID BEN JOSEPH — (14th century), liturgical commentator in Spain, author of Sefer Abudarham, written in 1340 in Seville. Abudarham came from a distinguished family, and apparently an earlier namesake was a communal leader in Toledo. Abudarham was moved to write… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Saʿadia ben Joseph — ▪ Jewish exegete and philosopher Introduction Arabic Saʿīd Ibn Yūsuf Al fayyūmī born 882, Dilaz, in al Fayyūm, Egypt died September 942, Sura, Babylonia Jewish exegete, philosopher, and polemicist whose influence on Jewish literary and… … Universalium