Rav

(3rd century)
   Babylonian amora. His real name was Abba ben-Aivu, but as he was regarded as the greatest Babylonian rabbi of his time, he was known simply as Rav (‘great’).
   Born in Babylon, he could trace his family back to King David. His parents sent him to Palestine to be taught by his uncle, HIYA, and he became the most brilliant pupil of JUDAH HA-NASI. However, he was never fully ordained, as the sages, recognizing his great talents and knowing he was going back home, did not want Babylonia to become more important than Palestine.
   Rav settled in Sura in Babylonia, where he founded his own academy, that quickly grew to become one of the most famous Torah centres of the period. Some twelve hundred regular pupils studied under Rav and his scholarship raised the status of Babylonia as a Jewish centre. In his public discourses, he constantly stressed the importance of the study of the Torah, saying ‘it is superior to the building of the Temple’.
   A contemporary and equally important school had been established at Nehardea under the other great Babylonian sage of the period, Mar SAMUEL. Rav and Samuel are regarded as the founders of the Babylonian Talmud and their discussions on halachah and aggadah fill many of its pages.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • RAV — (third century C.E.), leading Babylonian amora and founder of the academy at sura . His name was Abba b. Aivu, but he was also called Abba Arikha ( Abba the Tall ) because of his tall stature (Nid. 24b). He is generally known as Rav by reason of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RAV — (hebr. רב Rabbiner) ist Name bzw.Ehrentitel von: Abba Arikha (ca. 160–247), ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter Rav Aschi (um 352–um 427), einer der vier Hauptredaktoren des babylonischen Talmud Seligmann Bär Bamberger (1807–1878), der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • rav´el|er — rav|el «RAV uhl», verb, eled, el|ing or (especially British) elled, el|ling, noun. –v.i. 1. to fray out; separate into threads: »The sweater has raveled at the elbow. 2. to become tangled, involved, or confused: »Figurative. To hem the end of ou …   Useful english dictionary

  • rav|el — «RAV uhl», verb, eled, el|ing or (especially British) elled, el|ling, noun. –v.i. 1. to fray out; separate into threads: »The sweater has raveled at the elbow. 2. to become tangled, involved, or confused: »Figurative. To hem the end of ou …   Useful english dictionary

  • rav´ag|er — rav|age «RAV ihj», verb, aged, ag|ing, noun. –v.t. to lay waste; damage greatly; destroy: »The forest fire ravaged many miles of country. Verdun, one of the oldest cities of France, has been a battleground ever since Attila the Hun ravaged it in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rav — (hebr. רב Rabbiner) ist Name bzw.Ehrentitel von: Abba Arikha (ca. 160–247), ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter Joseph Ber Soloveitchik (1903–1993), ein orthodoxer Rabbiner, Talmud Gelehrter und moderner jüdischer Philosoph Die Abkürzung RAV… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rav — /rav/ noun 1. A rabbi, esp one in authority 2. A teacher or mentor 3. (with cap) a title preceding a personal name, used by orthodox rabbis …   Useful english dictionary

  • rav|in — «RAV uhn», noun, verb, adjective. –n. = rapine: (Cf. ↑rapine) »Blood and ravin and robbery are their characteristics (George Rawlinson). –v.t., v.i. = raven2. (Cf. ↑raven) –adj. = ravenous: (Cf. ↑ravenous) »Better twere I met the ravin lion… …   Useful english dictionary

  • rav|i|o|li — «RAV ee OH lee», noun. sing. or pl. small, thin pieces of dough filled usually with chopped meat or cheese. Ravioli is cooked in boiling water and is usually served with a highly seasoned tomato sauce. ╂[< Italian ravioli, or raviuoli, plural… …   Useful english dictionary

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