Adenauer, Konrad

(1876–1967)
   First chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. Adenauer had been an anti-Nazi throughout the Hitler period and on that account had been dismissed from the post of mayor of Cologne and twice arrested and imprisoned by the Gestapo. As post-war chancellor of West Germany, he was ready to accept that the German people had a moral obligation arising out of the Nazi massacre of the Jews, and believed that an act of reparation would help the process of political rehabilitation. He was therefore responsive when in September 1951 the Zionist leader Dr Nahum GOLDMANN came to see him at Claridge’s Hotel in London, at the request of the Israel premier, BEN-GURION. Goldmann obtained from him a letter agreeing to negotiations with the Israel government and with a claims conference representing the major Jewish organizations in the Western world.
   The following year a reparations agreement was signed at Luxembourg. The $845 million involved was payable over twelve years, 30 per cent for crude oil and the rest in the form of credits for German goods. Adenauer had to overcome considerable domestic opposition to this commitment. In spite of initial scepticism in many quarters, the agreement was faithfully implemented and made an important contribution to Israel’s development. After the agreement, Adenauer at first favoured diplomatic relations with Israel but later drew back from it, lest the Arab states should retaliate by recognizing East Germany. The establishment of formal relations came with his successor, Ludwig Erhard.
   In 1960, Adenauer and Ben-Gurion met in New York at the Waldorf Hotel.
   Adenauer agreed to a German loan for Israel after the end of the reparations. The two statesmen found much in common - each of them incidentally known in his own country as ‘The Old Man’ (Der Alter and ha-Zaken respectively). In 1966, after he had retired from public life, Adenauer came on a visit to Israel as the guest of the Government.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adenauer, Konrad —   Erster Bundeskanzler der Bundesrepublik Deutschland wurde der Präsident des Parlamentarischen Rates und Vorsitzende der CDU Konrad Adenauer. Geboren in Köln am 5. Januar 1876, schlug Adenauer nach juristischem und volkswirtschaftlichem Studium… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ADENAUER, KONRAD° — (1876–1967), first chancellor of the postwar German Federal Republic. Son of a Catholic official in the Cologne law courts, Adenauer was elected in 1906 to the city council of Cologne on behalf of the Center (Catholic) Party, and in 1917 became… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adenauer, Konrad — born Jan. 15, 1876, Cologne, German Empire died April 19, 1967, Rhöndorf, W.Ger. German statesman, first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). Elected to the Cologne city council (1906), he served as the city s lord mayor… …   Universalium

  • Adenauer, Konrad — (1876 1967)    politician; among the Weimar era s most influential city leaders, he foiled separatist actions in the Rhineland.* He was born in Cologne, where his father was an official in the municipal justice office. Brought up in an atmosphere …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Adenauer, Konrad — (1876–1967)    Adenauer was the burgomaster of Cologne from 1917 to 1945. During his tenure, he was twice imprisoned by Adolf Hitler. As the first chancellor of the German Federal Republic (1949–1963), Adenauer won approval from the Bundestag to… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Adenauer, Konrad — ► (1876 1967) Político alemán. En 1917 fue elegido alcalde de Colonia. Se opuso a la ascensión política de los nazis, que en 1933 le destituyeron y en 1944 le confinaron en un campo de concentración. Fue ministro de Asuntos Exteriores en 1951 55 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adenauer,Konrad — Ad·en·au·er (ădʹn ou ər, ädʹ ), Konrad. 1876 1967. First chancellor of West Germany (1949 1963), under whom the country began economic reconstruction and became a member of NATO and the Common Market. * * * …   Universalium

  • Adenauer, Konrad — (1876 1967)    Germany s first postwar chancellor, who believed that there should be reconciliation between Germany and the Jewish people. He admitted the crimes committed by Germany against the Jewish people and negotiated two reparation… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Adenauer, Konrad —  (1876–1967) West German chancellor (1949–1963) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Adenauer — Adenauer, Konrad …   Enciclopedia Universal

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