Philip of Bathyra
- (1st century)Judean military commander. The village and fortress of Bathyra in Trachonitis (part of the Golan Heights) were founded by Philip’s grandfather and guarded the pilgrim route from Babylonia to Jerusalem. When the revolt against the Romans broke out in Jerusalem in 66, AGRIPPA II sent Philip in command of a force of cavalry against the rebels. They obtained possession of the Upper City, but after eight days of fighting agreed to retire from Jerusalem. Philip hid for four days and succeeded in fleeing the city in disguise. He returned to Golan and helped to maintain order there. VESPASIAN sent Philip to Rome to answer charges that he had betrayed the Roman garrison in Jerusalem; his subsequent fate is uncertain.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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PHILIP OF BATHYRA — (first century C.E.), son of Jacimus and grandson of Zamaris, rulers of Bathyra in the district of Trachonitis. He was a friend of Agrippa II, who appointed him commander of the army in Bathyra. Josephus describes him as excelling in combat and…… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BATHYRA — BATHYRA, place in the toparchy of Batanea (i.e., bashan , east of Golan) founded by Jewish military settlers from Babylonia. Desirous of defending his borders from attacks by the neighboring Trachonites, herod decided to settle a large number of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZAMARIS — (Zimri; late first century B.C.E.–early first century C.E.), Babylonian Jew. Zamaris fled from Parthian Babylonia with a retinue of 500 horsemen and mounted archers, as well as his family. He had taken refuge in Syria, when herod heard of his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism