Oppenheimer, Samuel

(1630–1703)
   Austrian financier. A member of an old and respected Frankfurt family, Oppenheimer rose to prominence in Heidelberg as a financial agent and army contractor to Karl Ludwig, elector of the Palatinate. From 1673 he was a major supplier to the imperial Austrian troops in successive wars, though he had constant difficulty in getting his claims paid. When Bishop Kollonitsch was appointed finance minister in 1692, he had Oppenheimer arrested on the false charge of trying to murder Samson WERTHEIMER. The imperial treasury already owed him millions, yet he had to spend 500,000 florins to buy his release. The mob stormed his house in 1700, but on that occasion the authorities punished the ring-leaders. On his death the state refused to pay his son the vast sums still owing to his father. Samuel Oppenheimer, the first Jew allowed to settle in Vienna after the 1670 expulsion, was the real founder of the new Jewish community there. Although the Jews were forbidden to build a synagogue in the city, he opened a prayer room in his home and built synagogues and academies elsewhere. He also used his diminishing fortune to ransom Jewish prisoners captured by the Turks.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • OPPENHEIMER, SAMUEL — (1630–1703), Austrian court jew and military contractor. He began his career in Heidelberg as purveyor to the elector, Karl Ludwig, and tax collector of palatinate Jewry. Subsequently he moved to vienna where he received the right of unlimited… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel Heidelberg — Samuel Oppenheimer (* 21. Juni 1630 in Heidelberg; † 3. Mai 1703 in Wien) war ein Geldleiher, Armeelieferant, Hofverwalter und Diplomat im Heiligen Römischen Reich des 17. Jahrhunderts. Heutzutage würde man ihn als Spekulanten bezeichnen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer (Familie) — Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer (1630 1703) David ben Abraham Oppenheim (1664–1736) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Oppenheimer — Samuel Wolf Oppenheimer, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber nach älterer Vorlage Samuel Oppenheimer (* 21. Juni 1630 in Heidelberg; † 3. Mai 1703 in Wien) war ein Geldleiher, Armeelieferant, Hofverwalter und Diplomat im Heiligen Römischen Reich des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer — ist der Familienname von: Oppenheimer (Familie), altes Patriziergeschlecht, aus welchem die von Oppenheim und von Oppenfeld sowie die Lichtenstein hervorgingen. Oppenheimer ist der Name folgender Personen: Carl Oppenheimer (1874–1941), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Oppenheimer — (born June 21 1630, Heidelberg May 3, 1703, Vienna) was a banker, imperial court factor, diplomat, and military supplier for the Holy Roman Emperor. He enjoyed special favor of Emperor Leopold I, to whom he advanced considerable sums of money for …   Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer — as a surname may refer to: Alan Oppenheimer (born 1930), film actor Andrés Oppenheimer (born 1951), Argentine author and journalist known for his analysis of Latin American politics Bernard Oppenheimer (1866–1921), South African and British… …   Wikipedia

  • OPPENHEIMER, JOSEPH BEN ISSACHAR SUESSKIND — (also known as Joseph Suess or Jud (Jew) Suess ; 1698 or 1699–1738), Court Jew and confidential financial adviser to the duke of wuerttemberg . His father was a prominent merchant in Heidelberg and collector of taxes from the Jews of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OPPENHEIMER, CARL — (1874–1941), German biochemist. Born in Berlin, Oppenheimer was the second son of a reform rabbi, and brother of the economist Franz Oppenheimer. In 1902 he joined the Berlin Agricultural Academy, and was professor there from 1908 until dismissed …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oppenheimer — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Oppenheimer est un patronyme d origine allemande, dérivé de la ville d Oppenheim dans le palatinat du Rhin. Il est ou a été porté par : Samuel… …   Wikipédia en Français

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