Oppenheimer, Franz

(1864–1943)
   German sociologist and Zionist. The son of a Berlin Reform rabbi, Oppenheimer practised as a physician for some years, before abandoning medicine for economics and sociology. He became a lecturer in Berlin, then in 1917 professor at the University of Frankfurt. His interest in agrarian reform led him to advocate co-operative group farming. In 1902 he was introduced to HERZL, who invited him to talk at the Sixth Zionist Congress the following year, on the possible application of his ideas to land settlement in Palestine. This drew him into the Zionist orbit. In 1911, under his influence, the Palestine Office in Jaffa directed by Dr Arthur RUPPIN started an experimental co-operative village at Merhavia, in Galilee. Oppenheimer was thus one of the theoretical founders of the kibbutz system. After the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Oppenheimer was chairman of a committee set up by a group of German Zionists to safeguard the position of Jews in Russian territory occupied by the German forces. This collaboration with the German authorities was repudiated by Zionist leaders elsewhere, but Oppenheimer was a patriotic German who believed that Germany represented civilization pitted against Russian barbarism. Yet he was ousted from his academic post and forced to leave Germany in 1938. He settled in Los Angeles, where he died five years later. In 1964, the West German government issued a special stamp commemorating the centenary of his birth.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • OPPENHEIMER, FRANZ — (1864–1943), German sociologist and economist, an initiator of cooperative agriculture in Ereẓ Israel. The son of a reform rabbi, Oppenheimer was born in Berlin and studied medicine in Freiburg and Berlin. He started his career as a practicing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oppenheimer, Franz — (1864 1943)    German economist and sociologist. He was born in Berlin. From 1919 to 1929 he was a professor of sociology at the University of Frankfurt am Main. After Hitler s rise to power, he taught at the Hochschule fur die Wissenschaft des… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Oppenheimer, Franz — ► (1864 1943) Economista y sociólogo alemán. En su socialismo liberal se acerca a las doctrinas de H. George. Autor de Teoría de la economía pura y de la economía política …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oppenheimer — Oppenheimer, Franz Oppenheimer, J. Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franz Oppenheimer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Oppenheimer. Franz Oppenheimer sur un timbre de la Deutsche Bundespost. Franz Oppenheimer, né le 30  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franz Oppenheimer — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Franz Oppenheimer (Berlín, 30 de marzo de 1864 Los Ángeles, 30 de septiembre de 1943) fue un sociólogo y un economista político alemán, que publicó también en el ámbito de la sociología fundamental del Estado.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oppenheimer — as a surname may refer to: Alan Oppenheimer (born 1930), film actor Andrés Oppenheimer (born 1951), Argentine author and journalist known for his analysis of Latin American politics Bernard Oppenheimer (1866–1921), South African and British… …   Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer — ist der Familienname von: Oppenheimer (Familie), altes Patriziergeschlecht, aus welchem die von Oppenheim und von Oppenfeld sowie die Lichtenstein hervorgingen. Oppenheimer ist der Name folgender Personen: Carl Oppenheimer (1874–1941), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oppenheimer — puede referirse a: Personas Andrés Oppenheimer, periodista argentino naturalizado estadounidense conocido por realizar un análisis sobre las políticas de Latinoamérica. Franz Oppenheimer, sociólogo y economista político alemán. Max Oppenheimer,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • OPPENHEIMER, CARL — (1874–1941), German biochemist. Born in Berlin, Oppenheimer was the second son of a reform rabbi, and brother of the economist Franz Oppenheimer. In 1902 he joined the Berlin Agricultural Academy, and was professor there from 1908 until dismissed …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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