- (1868–1918)Czar of Russia 1894–1917. The last of the czars was a weak man who had imbibed much of the reactionary and anti- Semitic outlook of his father ALEXANDER in. In the struggle of the regime against the rising liberal and revolutionary tide in Russia, the Jews were often made the scapegoats. Anti-Semitic incitement by groups such as the notorious Black Hundreds enjoyed the connivance and protection of the authorities and the police. Nicholas’ reign witnessed a series of pogroms such as those that started in Kishinev in 1903, and the officially concocted BEILIS blood libel trial of 1913. It was not surprising that a number of Jewish intellectuals were involved in the struggle to overthrow the czarist regime. Nicholas II was deposed in the 1917 revolution, and soon after murdered with his family.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Nicholas — ist ein Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Familienname 2.2 Vorname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nicholas V — Pope Nicholas V † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas V (TOMMASO PARENTUCELLI) A name never to be mentioned without reverence by every lover of letters, born at Sarzana in Liguria, 15 November, 1397; died in Rome, 24 5 March,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Nicholas II — Pope Nicholas II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas II (GERHARD OF BURGUNDY) Nicholas was born at Chevron, in what is now Savoy; elected at Siena, December, 1058; died at Florence 19 or 27 July, 1061. Like his predecessor,… … Catholic encyclopedia
NICHOLAS° — NICHOLAS°, name of two Russian czars. NICHOLAS I czar of Russia from 1825 to 1855. His reign was marked by a general reaction, the persecution of liberal elements in the country, and the oppression of religious and national minorities. Nicholas I … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Nicholas I — may refer to: Pope Nicholas I (c. 820 – 867), or Nicholas the Great Nicholas Mysticus, patriarch Nicholas I of Constantinople (852–925) Nicholas I, Bishop of Schleswig between 1209 and 1233 Patriarch Nicholas I of Alexandria, Greek Patriarch of… … Wikipedia
Nicholas IV — Pope Nicholas IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Nicholas IV (GIROLAMO MASCI) Born at Ascoli in the March of Ancona; died in Rome, 4 April, 1292. He was of humble extraction, and at an early age entered the Franciscan Order. In… … Catholic encyclopedia
NICHOLAS° — NICHOLAS°, name of five popes. NICHOLAS III (Giovanni Gaetano Orsini), pope 1277–80. During his brief reign Nicholas displayed a considerable zeal for the conversion of the Jews. His bull Vineam sorce encouraged conversion through sermons and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Nicholas IV — can refer to: Pope Nicholas IV (1288–1292) Patriarch Nicholas IV of Constantinople (1147–1151) Patriarch Nicholas IV of Alexandria (1412–1417) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an … Wikipedia
Nicholas — Nicholas1 [nik′ə ləs] n. [ME < OFr Nicolas < L Nicolaus < Gr Nikolaos < nikē, victory + laos, the people] a masculine name: dim. Nick; equiv. L. Nicolaus, Fr. & Sp. Nicolas, Ger. Nikolaus, It. Niccolo, Russ. Nikolai Nicholas2 [nik′ə… … English World dictionary
Nicholas — (Лаганас,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Main Street, Лаганас, 29100, Греция Опи … Каталог отелей
Nichŏlas — Nichŏlas, 1) Grafschaft im Staate Virginia (Nordamerika), 28 QM.; Flüsse: Kanawha, Gauley u. Meadow Rivers; gebirgig, mit großen Waldungen; Producte: Mais, Hafer; Rindvieh; 1818 organisirt; 1850: 3963 Ew., worunter 73 Sklaven; 2) Grafschaft im… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon