Natronai bar-Hilai

(9th century)
   Gaon of Sura, 853–8. Over three hundred of Natronai’s responsa are extant to questions in Hebrew, Arabic and Aramaic. They deal with Torah readings, Talmud difficulties and the liturgy. In one of his responsa he sets forth the hundred benedictions which a Jew is supposed to say each day, and the order of the daily prayer. He was adamant in his opposition to the Karaites (see Anan ben-David), who at that time were setting out their own prayer book, consisting mainly of Bible quotations. He firmly demanded the inclusion of the midrashic quotations in the Passover Haggadah, and branded as a heretic anyone who omitted these parts. Natronai maintained close contact with the communities in Spain.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • NATRONAI BAR HILAI — (ninth cent.), gaon of Sura from 853 to 858. Natronai s father Hilai, who died in 797, was also gaon of Sura. One of the most prolific writers of responsa among the geonim of the ninth century, Natronai always replied in the language in which he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Natronaï bar Hilaï —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Natronaï ben Nehemia. Natronaï ben (ou bar) Hilaï Gaon (hébreu : רב נטרונאי בר רב הילאי Rav Natronaï bar Rav Hilaï) est un rabbin babylonien du IXe siècle. Il assure le gaonat (direction académique)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Natronai bar Hilai — (fl. 9th cent.)    Babylonian gaon of the academy at Sura (853 6). He was one of the most prolific writers of responsa among the geonim in the 9th century. His responsum to a query from the Lucena Jewish community as to how to fulfil the rabbinic …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Natronai ben Hilai — Not to be confused with Natronai ben Nehemiah. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Natronai ben Hilai (Hebrew: נטרונאי בן הלאי or Natronai Gaon, Hebrew: נטרונאי גאון; Full name: Natronai ben R. Hilai… …   Wikipedia

  • Natronai ben Nehemiah — Not to be confused with Natronai ben Hilai. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Natronai ben Nehemiah (Hebrew: נטרונאי בן נחמיה; also called: Mar R. Yanka, Hebrew: בר מר ינקא) was Gaon of Pumbedita from …   Wikipedia

  • KOHEN-ẒEDEK BAR IVOMAI — (or Ikhumai; 9th century), gaon of Sura from 838–48, succeeding R. Mesharshiya (or Moshe) Kahana after an interregnum of two years. Kohen Ẓedek s responsa, usually in Hebrew (rather than the Aramaic common to most of the geonim before him) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sar Shalom ben Boaz — Sar Shalom ben (ou bar) Boaz (hébreu : שר שלום בן בועז) est un rabbin babylonien du IXe siècle (d. à Soura en 859 ou 864). Il assure le gaonat (direction académique) de l’école de Soura pendant dix ans, succédant à Cohen Tzedek I et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GEONIC LITERATURE — This entry includes the basic books of geonic literature, which were compiled during the geonic period – from the year 600 to 1040, approximately. Geonic literature includes several types of works: 1. Commentaries on the Bible 2. Commentaries on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Geonim — Gueonim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gaon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ghe'onim — Gueonim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gaon …   Wikipédia en Français

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