Mussolini, Benito

(1883–1945)
   Fascist dictator of Italy. Anti-Semitism was not a part of Mussolini’s form of Fascism. In 1924, shortly after seizing power, he declared: ‘Italy does not know anti-Semitism and we believe that it never will know it’. He met WEIZMANN and considered supporting Zionism as a means of furthering his scheme to turn the Mediterranean into an Italian sea, Mare Nostrum. Even after his alliance with HITLER, Italian Jews were molested far less than in Germany, and anti-Semitic laws promulgated in 1938 were only partially enforced. During the war, however, Mussolini co-operated with Hitler in the deportation of Jews to their death.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MUSSOLINI, BENITO° — (1883–1945), Italian dictator, founder of Fascism. Mussolini s policy toward the Jews was opportunistic, while his personal view of them, although unsystematic, was not unbiased. As early as 1908, in his essay La filosofia della forza, Mussolini… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Mussolini, Benito — (1883–1945)    Mussolini was born in the foothills of the Apennines in Predappio (Romagna). His father and grandfather were both peasants who were jailed for their commitment to the nascent socialist movement, while his mother was a… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Mussolini, Benito — (1883–1945)    Mussolini, the Italian fascist leader, became prime minister of Italy in 1922 and subsequently became the country’s dictator. Although viewed by historians as a pragmatic politician who did not consider anti Semitism politically… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Mussolini, Benito — 1883–1945    Mussolini’s international importance was already in decline by the outbreak of World War II. His seizure of power in 1924 had inspired HITLER by its demonstration of what a Fascist party, properly led, could achieve, and by his… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Mussolini, Benito — ► (1883 1945) Político italiano. Partidario del intervencionismo a favor de los aliados, fundó Il Popolo d´Italia. En 1919, fundó los fascios de combate, nacionalistas y anticomunistas revolucionarios, ante cuyo auge se mostraron impotentes los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mussolini, Benito —  (1883–1945) Italian prime minister (1922–1943) and dictator …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea) — known as Il Duce born July 29, 1883, Predappio, Italy died April 28, 1945, near Dongo Italian dictator (1922–43). An unruly but intelligent youth, he became an ardent socialist and served as editor of the party newspaper, Avanti! (1912–14). When… …   Universalium

  • Mussolini,Benito Amilcare Andrea — Mus·so·li·ni (mo͞o sə lēʹnē, mo͝os ə , mo͞os sō ), Benito Amilcare Andrea. Known as “Il Duce.” 1883 1945. Italian Fascist dictator and prime minister (1922 1943) who conducted an expansionist foreign policy, formalized an alliance with Germany… …   Universalium

  • Mussolini, Benito (Amilcare Andrea) — llamado Il Duce (29 jul. 1883, Predappio, Italia–28 abr. 1945, cerca de Dongo). Dictador italiano (1922–43). Joven rebelde e inteligente, se convirtió en un socialista ardiente y fue director del periódico del partido, Avanti! (1912–14). Cuando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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