- (1824–98)Forerunner of the Mizrachi Zionist movement. As a Lithuanian rabbi, Mohilewer encouraged settlement in the Holy Land, and sought financial assistance for the struggling Jewish colonies from Baron de HIRSCH and Baron Edmond de ROTHSCHILD. The latter was strongly influenced by his strange visitor, like an ancient Hebrew prophet in his burning conviction.In 1884, the Kattowitz Conference of early Zionists took place, and although there were only thirty-six delegates it was a landmark in pre-HERZL Zionist history. Rabbi Mohilewer was elected honorary president. He travelled to Palestine in 1890 and on his return set up a board of rabbis to provide religious guidance for farming in the Holy Land. The Mizrachi Organization, the religious Zionist movement, was founded four years after his death.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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MOHILEWER, SAMUEL — (1824–1898), rabbi, early member of Ḥovevei Zion (Ḥibbat Zion ) in Russia, and a founder of religious Zionism. Born in Glebokie (now Glubokoye), Vilna district, the son of a rabbinical family, Mohilewer was ordained a rabbi by the Volozhin… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Samuel Mohilever — (auch: Schmuel / Shmuel Mohilever / Mohilewer; * am 25. April 1824 in der Nähe von Wilna; † 10. Juni 1898 in Białystok) war polnischer Rabbiner, Gründer von Rechowot, einer der Gründer der Choveve Zion und der eigentlich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mohilever — Samuel Mohilever Samuel Mohilever (auch: Schmuel / Shmuel Mohilever / Mohilewer; * am 25. April 1824 in der Nähe von Wilna; † 10. Juni 1898 in Białystok) war polnischer Rabbiner, Gründer von Rechowot, einer der Gründer der Choveve Zion und der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
BIALYSTOK — (Rus. Belostok), industrial city in N.E. Poland; latterly one of the principal Russian/Polish Jewish centers; incorporated into Russia between 1807 and 1921 and administered by the U.S.S.R. between 1939 and 1941, reverting to Poland in 1945.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PINSKER, LEON — (Judah Leib; 1821–1891), leader of the Ḥibbat Zion movement . Born in Tomaszow, Poland, Pinsker studied at the school of his father Simḥah Pinsker , a Hebrew writer and scholar, in Odessa. He was one of the first Jews to attend Odessa University … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SABBATICAL YEAR AND JUBILEE — (Heb. שְׁמִטָּה, shemittah; יוֹבֵל, yovel). According to the Bible, during the seventh year all land had to be fallow and debts were to be remitted (Ex. 23:10–11; Lev. 25:1–7, 18–22; Deut. 15:1–11). The close of seven sabbatical cycles instituted … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rothschild Family — (18–20th century) European bankers and philanthropists. For nearly two centuries, the Rothschilds have formed a financial dynasty without parallel either in Jewish or general history. In the remotest shtetl of the Russian Pale of Settlement,… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
BARISHANSKY, RAPHAEL — (1864–1950), rabbi. Barishansky was born in Lipnishtok, Lithuania, and studied at the outstanding yeshivot of Eishishok and Mir as well as the kolel in Kovno and with the Gaon Rabbi Ḥayyim Lev. In Bialystok he studied with Rabbi samuel mohilewer … Encyclopedia of Judaism