Abraham Ben-David of Posquières (Rabad II)
- (c. 1125–98)French talmudist. 12-century Provence, which had flourishing Jewish communities in Narbonne, Béziers, Marseilles, Lunel and Montpel lier, was the centre of a Jewish renaissance. Chief among the talmudic scholars known to later ages as the ‘elders of Narbonne’ or ‘sages of Lunel’ was Abraham ben-David. He was born in Narbonne, and married the daughter of Rabbi Abraham ben-Isaac, the presiding judge of the rabbinical court (av bet din) in that city. On the whole Provençal Jewry was in a fairly tolerable position both socially and economically. They were allowed to pursue their affairs in peace under the protection of the counts of Languedoc. However, they were not free from outrages, especially attacks by the mob on Christian holidays, with ecclesiastical connivance. Abraham ben-David settled in the small community of Posquières. In 1165 he is mentioned as the head of a rabbinical academy there which had already become famous. BENJAMIN OF TUDELA described the school, in which all the poor scholars were entirely supported by Abraham ben-David, who was a man of means.In 1172 he was exiled from Posquières in rather confused circumstances, probably as a result of a power struggle between two local noblemen anxious to proclaim their status as ‘protectors’ of the Jews, a valuable source of revenue. He returned some time later. So widely respected was he that his fame reached Cairo, where MAIMONIDES described him as ‘the great rabbi of Posquières’. His influence on contemporary Jewish scholars was based on his commentaries on the Talmud, his Baale ha-Nefesh, an important codification of the Law, and his masterly critical commentaries on the work of ALFASI and Maimonides.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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Abraham Ben David De Posquières — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David et Rabad. Abraham ben David de Posquières,plus connu dans le judaïsme comme Rabad III (acronyme de Rabbenou Abraham ben David) fut un rabbin, kabbaliste et philosophe provençal du XIIe siècle, né à Narbonne … Wikipédia en Français
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES — (known as Rabad, i.e., Rabbi Abraham Ben David; c. 1125–1198); talmudic authority in Provence. Abraham was born in Narbonne, and died in Posquières, a small city near Nîmes famous for the yeshivah he established there. He lived during a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Abraham ben David von Posquières — Abraham ben David von Posquières, auch unter dem Akronym Rabad bekannt (* 1125 in Narbonne; † 27. November 1198 in Posquières, heute Vauvert im Département Gard) war ein talmudischer Gelehrter in der Provence. Er ist vor allem durch seine Kritik… … Deutsch Wikipedia
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID DE POSQUIÈRES — (1125 1199) Célèbre dans le monde juif du XIIe siècle par son école talmudique (yesh 稜vah ), Abraham ben David est né à Narbonne, où son père Abraham ben David, qui a eu une influence durable sur son orientation, était président du tribunal… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Abraham ben David de Posquières — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David et Rabad. Abraham ben David de Posquières, plus connu dans le judaïsme comme Rabad III (acronyme de Rabbenou Abraham ben David), fut un rabbin, kabbaliste et philosophe provençal du XIIe siècle, né à… … Wikipédia en Français
Abraham ben David — Rabad Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. RaBad (ou Ravad, ou Raavad) est l acronyme par lequel furent connus trois rabbins, sommités en leurs temps, dont RaBad III fut le plus célèbre.… … Wikipédia en Français
Abraham ben David — Rabbeinu Abraham ben David was a Provençal rabbi, a great commentator on the Talmud, Sefer Halachot of rabbi Yitzhak Alfasi and Mishne Torah of Maimonides, and is regarded as a father of Kabbalah and one of the key and important links in the… … Wikipedia
Abraham ben Nathan — Ha Yarchi (Hebrew: אברהם בן נתן הירחי) was a Provençal rabbi and scholar born in the second half of the twelfth century, probably at Lunel, Languedoc, where he also received his education. It is for this reason that he is sometimes also called Ha … Wikipedia
Abraham ben Isaac de Narbonne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rabad … Wikipédia en Français
ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC OF NARBONNE — (known as Rabi Abad; c. 1110–1179), talmudist and spiritual leader of Provence; author of Sefer ha Eshkol, the first work of codification of the halakhic commentary of southern France, which served as a model for all subsequent compilations.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism