Menachem-ben-Judah

(1st century AD)
   Zealot leader. At the outset of the Jewish insurrection against Rome, Menachem and his band of Zealot partisans captured the rock-fortress of Masada from the Romans and gained possession of its store of weapons. They then made their way to the capital, and joined in the attack on the Roman garrison. Menachem tried to establish his own authority in the militant camp, and as the dominant figure was responsible for killing the former high priest Ananias and his brother Hezekiah, as they were regarded as willing to come to terms with the Romans. Menachem was in turn killed by another Zealot leader, ELEAZAR BEN-ANANIAS. According to JOSEPHUS, this was done when Menachem appeared in the Temple in royal robes indicating his pretensions to power. Owing to the ideas of social reform attributed to him, some scholars have surmised that he may have been the ‘teacher of righteousness’ referred to in one of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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