Martov, Julius

(Julii Osipovich Tsederbaum)
(1873–1923)
   Russian revolutionary. Though Martov’s grandfather was a well-known Jewish writer and early Zionist, he grew up in an assimilationist home, and as a student in St Petersburg was drawn into a revolutionary circle. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Party in its formative years after 1894. He was at first identified with the Bund, a Jewish socialist movement, but later rejected its sectarian basis. In 1901, Martov joined with Lenin and Potresov in producing the revolutionary journal, Iskra. At the Brussels-London conference of the party in 1903, Martov held to the concept of a mass party that would be broadly based, democratic and non-violent. He therefore opposed Lenin’s concept of a small elite of professional revolutionaries to organize the overthrow of the regime by violence. The party split into two on this issue. The majority (Bolsheviki) followed Lenin and the minority (Mensheviki) seceded, with Martov among its leading figures.
   Except for a brief return to St Petersburg at the time of the 1905 revolution, Martov remained in exile in Paris, where he continued with party work as the main spokesman for the Mensheviks. After the Bolshevik revolution in 1917, he returned to Russia and for the next three years vainly protested against the increasingly dictatorial and repressive policies of the new Soviet hierarchy. In 1920, he was allowed to leave and settled in Berlin as the leader of the Mensheviks outside Russia.
   Martov produced a massive four-volume history (1909–14) of the social democratic movement in Russia. The evolution of his own political creed is set out in an autobiographical work, ‘Notes of a Social Democrat’ (1923). His belief that the revolution would solve the Jewish problem is most clearly reasoned in ‘The Russian People and the Jews’ (1908).

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • MARTOV, JULIUS — (Iulii Osipovich Tsederbaum; 1873–1923), Russian revolutionary, leader of Menshevism. Born in Constantinople, where his father represented the Russian Steamship Co. and trade companies, Martov was the favorite grandson of alexander zederbaum ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Martov, Julius — (1873 1923)    Russian revolutio nary. He was a student in St Petersburg and joined the Russian Social Democratic Party. In 1901 he helped publish the revolutionary journal, Iskra. He was exiled in Paris where he continued to work for the party.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Julius Martov — Born November 24, 1873(1873 11 24) Istanbul, Turkey Died April 4, 1923(1923 04 04) (aged 49) Schömberg …   Wikipedia

  • Martov — Julius Martov Julius Martov Julius Martov …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius Martov — Julius Martov, de son vrai nom Iouli Ossipovitch Tsederbaum (en russe : Юлий Осипович Цедербаум), né le 24 novembre 1873 à Constantinople et mort le 4 avril 1923 à Schömberg, est un révolutionnaire marxiste russe. Il fonde en 1895 l Union de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yuli Mártov — Yuli Mártov. Yuli Mártov, Julius Mártov o L. Mártov (Мартов, su nombre real era Yuli Ósipovich Zederbaum (Юлий Осипович Цедербаум)) (24 de noviembre de 1873 4 de abril de 1923) nació en Constantinopla en 1873 hijo de una familia judía de clase… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martow — Julius Martow Julius Martow (russisch Юлий Осипович Мартов, ursprünglich Цедербаум/ Zederbaum; * 24. November 1873 in Konstantinopel; † 4. April 1923 in Schömberg) war ein russischer Polit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Menshevik — This article is about the Mensheviks as a faction inside the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. For the history of the Menshevik movement as an independent political party after 1912, see Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Mensheviks).… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bolshevik — This article is about the Bolshevik faction in the RSDLP 1903 1912. For other uses, see Bolshevik (disambiguation). Bolshevik Party Meeting. Sitting (from left): Abel Yenukidze, Mikhail Kalinin, Nikolai Bukharin, Mikhail Tomsky, Mikhail Lashevich …   Wikipedia

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