Marshall, Louis

(1856–1929)
   US lawyer and communal leader. Born into a German-Jewish family, Marshall moved from Syracuse, NY to New York City, where he became a leading constitutional and civil rights lawyer. He appeared in a number of celebrated cases affecting negroes and other minority groups. Marshall was an able and energetic Jewish communal leader, and held various important offices. He was president of the American Jewish Committee, president of the Temple Emanu-El Reform Congregation and chairman of the board of the Jewish Theological Seminary.
   In 1911 he successfully led the fight to abrogate an American-Russian friendship treaty dating back to 1832, because of Russian discrimination against the passports of American Jews. At the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, he was chairman of the Committee of Jewish Delegations that pressed for minority guarantees for the Jewish communities in the new successor states in Europe. In the 20S, he was involved in organizing pressure on Henry Ford to retract the series of anti-Semitic articles published in Ford’s paper, the Dearborn Independent.
   Though not a Zionist, Marshall supported the BALFOUR Declaration. After the war, he collaborated with Dr WEIZMANN on the formation of the Jewish Agency called for in the Palestine mandate. It was to be made up partly of Zionists and partly non-Zionists and came into existence at a meeting in Geneva in 1929. As the leading non-Zionist, Marshall was nominated as the chairman of the Agency, but died suddenly at one of its sessions.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • MARSHALL, LOUIS — (1856–1929), lawyer and communal leader. Born in Syracuse, New York, the son of German Jewish immigrants, Marshall graduated from Syracuse High School and served a two year apprenticeship in a local law office. In 1876 he left for New York City… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Marshall, Louis — ▪ American lawyer born Dec. 14, 1856, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 11, 1929, Zürich, Switz.       lawyer and leader of the American Jewish community who worked to secure religious, political, and cultural freedom for all minority groups.… …   Universalium

  • Marshall, Louis — (1856 1929)    American lawyer and communal leader. He was born in Syracuse, New York, and became a partner in a New York legal firm. He was the chief spokesman for the German Jewish elite in Jewish affairs. In 1912 he became president of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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