Magnes, Judah Leib (Leon)
- (1877–1948)US and Palestine rabbi and educator. A native of San Francisco, Magnes was ordained a Reform rabbi in 1900. He became a minister in New York, where he founded the Kehillah (1908– 22), a communal framework for Jewish religion, education and social mores. The experiment failed because of internal disputes. Through the influence of Solomon SCHECHTER, Magnes left the Reform movement and joined the more traditionalist Conservatives. His prestige in American Jewry was great but his communal authority was damaged by his pacifism in World War I. Magnes was an early Zionist and a follower of AHAD HA-AM. In 1922 he settled in Palestine, becoming the first chancellor and later president of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He modified his pacifism sufficiently to call for war against the Nazis, but earned much unpopularity in the yishuv through his advocacy of a Jewish-Arab bi-national state, through such groups as Brit Shalom and Ichud. He was widely regarded as a man of great moral stature but naïve political judgement. He died during the Israel War of Independence.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EDUCATION, JEWISH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline. Bibliography at the end of a section is indicated by (†). in the biblical period the nature of the sources historical survey the patriarchal period and the settlement the kingdom the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hanna Arendt — Hannah Arendt auf einer Briefmarke der Dauermarkenserie Frauen der deutschen Geschichte, Deutsche Bundespost Berlin 1988 Hannah Arendt (* 14. Oktober 1906 in Linden, heute Teil von Hannover; † 4. Dezember … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johanna Arendt — Hannah Arendt auf einer Briefmarke der Dauermarkenserie Frauen der deutschen Geschichte, Deutsche Bundespost Berlin 1988 Hannah Arendt (* 14. Oktober 1906 in Linden, heute Teil von Hannover; † 4. Dezember … Deutsch Wikipedia
PRESS — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction in australia and new zealand in belgium in canada in czechoslovakia in england yiddish press in france in germany and austria between the two world wars after world war ii… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ART — This article is arranged according to the following outline: Antiquity to 1800 INTRODUCTION: JEWISH ATTITUDE TO ART biblical period the sanctuary and first temple period second temple period after the fall of jerusalem relation to early christian … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hannah Arendt — en una ilustración de Aretz para el sello de la serie Mujeres de la Historia alemana. Hannah Arendt, nacida como Johanna Arendt, (Linden Limmer, hoy … Wikipedia Español