Luxemburg, Rosa

(1871–1919)
   Polish-German revolutionary. The daughter of a Polish Jewish merchant, Rosa Luxemburg was physically a cripple and barely five feet tall, but had great energy and a fiery personality. After studying in Switzerland, she became a leader of the Polish and Lithuanian Social Democratic Party, and worked for the overthrow of the czarist regime. She became a German citizen by marriage, and she and Karl Liebknecht became the leaders of the militant left wing of the German party. In the autumn of 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, they split from the Social Democratic Party to form the more extreme Spartacus League. She was in prison for most of the war period, and freed at the end of 1918 when revolution had broken out in Germany. She immediately helped transform the Spartacus League into the German Communist Party. Two weeks later, she and Liebknecht were arrested, and murdered by army officers while they were being taken to prison.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LUXEMBURG, ROSA — (1871–1919), German economist and revolutionary. Born into a family of merchants in Zamosc, Poland, Rosa Luxemburg joined the Polish revolutionary movement as a schoolgirl in Warsaw. As a consequence of the threat of imprisonment she was forced… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — born March 5, 1871, Zamość, Pol., Russian Empire died Jan. 15, 1919, Berlin, Ger. Polish born German political radical, intellectual, and author. As a Jew in Russian controlled Poland, she was drawn early into underground political activism. In… …   Universalium

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871–1919)    A German revolutionary leader and socialist theorist, Rosa Luxemburg was born in Russian Poland, into a Jewish middle class family. She became involved in revolutionary politics when she was still at school. In 1889, state… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — (1870 1919)    socialist politician and theorist; the only woman in pre World War I socialist politics to attain a stature comparable to that of Jean Jaurès, Viktor Adler, August Bebel, and Karl Kautsky. She was born in the Polish village of… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871–1919)    One of the leading Marxists of the 20th century, Rosa Luxemburg exerted great influence within the socialist movement during her life, and her ideas and political actions have continued to inspire Marxists and shape Marxism long… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Luxemburg,Rosa — Lux·em·burg (lŭkʹsəm bûrg , lo͝okʹsəm bo͝ork ), Rosa. 1870 1919. German socialist leader who cofounded (1918) the Spartacus Party, which became the German Communist Party. She was arrested after the Sparticist uprising in 1919 and subsequently… …   Universalium

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871 1919) Though born in Poland, Luxemburg is best known as a leading theorist and political leader in the German working class movement. She vigorously opposed the revisionist current in the German Social Democratic Party, and was imprisoned… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871 1919)    German revolu tionary, of Polish origin. Born in Zamosc, eastern Poland, she studied at the University of Zurich. She was a leader of the Polish and Lithuanian Social Democratic Party, and sought to overthrow the czar. She became a …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Luxemburg, Rosa — ► (1871 1919) Escritora y revolucionaria alemana. Fundó con Karl Liebknecht la Liga Espartaquista y fue uno de los dirigentes de la Internacional Socialista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Luxemburg, Rosa —  (1871–1919) Political activist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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