Litvinov, Maxim Maximovich

(Meir Moisevich Wallach)
(1867–1951)
   Soviet foreign minister. As a young revolutionary from the predominantly Jewish town of Bialystock, Litvinov joined a cell of the Russian Social-Democratic Party, and served a term of imprisonment before escaping abroad in 1902. In exile he formed a close relationship with LENIN, then returned to Russia as a worker in the underground. After the abortive 1905 revolution, he fled to Paris and then London. There he worked as a publisher’s clerk and became the principal Bolshevik agent. In 1916 he married Ivy Low, the niece of the historian Sidney Low.
   One of the first acts of the newly-established Soviet government in November 1917 was to appoint Litvinov as its unofficial representative in London. He was expelled in September 1918 in reprisal for the similar treatment of the British agent in Moscow. Litvinov was then appointed to the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, and by 1930 had risen to be its head. From that time he served as people’s commissar for foreign affairs (i.e., foreign minister) till 1939, when he was removed from office and replaced by Molotov. After HITLER’S attack on Russia, Litvinov reemerged from the political wilderness and was sent as ambassador to Washington. He arrived in December 1941, on the eve of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States’ entry into the war. He was recalled to Moscow in 1943 and became one of several deputy commissars for foreign affairs under Molotov until his final retirement in August 1946.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LITVINOV, MAXIM MAXIMOVICH — (Wallach, Meir Henokh Moiseevitch; 1867–1951) Russian revolutionary and Soviet diplomat. Born in Bialystok, Litvinov joined the illegal Social Democratic Party in 1899 and was arrested and exiled. In 1902 he escaped to Switzerland and in 1903,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Litvínov, Maxim (Maxímovich) — orig. Meir Vallaj (17 jul. 1876, Bialystok, Polonia–31 dic. 1951, Moscú, Rusia, URSS). Diplomático y comisario soviético para asuntos exteriores (1930–39). Se unió al Partido Obrero Social Demócrata Ruso (1898), fue arrestado por actividades… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maxim Litvinov — Maxim Maximovich Litvinov (russe : Максим Максимович Литвинов) (17 juillet 1876–31 décembre 1951), était un révolutionnaire russe et diplomate de l Union soviétique. Né Meir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maxim Litvinov — Maxim Maxímovich Litvínov Максим Максимович Литвинов Ministro de Asuntos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maxim Litvinov — Максим Литвинов Soviet Ambassador to the United States In office 10 November 1941 – 22 August 1943 Premier Vyacheslav Molotov …   Wikipedia

  • Maxim Litvinov — Maxim Maximovich Wallach …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Maksim Litvinov — Maxim Litvinov Maxim Litvinov Maxim Maximovich Litvinov (russe : Максим Максимович Литвинов) (17 juillet 1876–31 décembre 1951), était un révolutionnaire russe et diplomate de l Union soviétique. Né Meir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Литвинов Максим Максимович — (Litvinov, Maxim Maximovich) (1876 1951), революционер, политик.Вступил в ряды большевиков (1903), в 1917 18 гг. советский представитель в Лондоне. Возглавлял делегации СССР на конференциях Лиги Наций по разоружению (1927 29), подписал пакт… …   Всемирная история

  • Narkomindel — is an acronym for ru. Народный Коммиссариат Иностранных Дел (People s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs) also abbreviated as NKID. It replaced the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the previous regime after the Bolsheviks under Lenin s leadership had… …   Wikipedia

  • Narciso Bassols — García (October 22, 1897 – July 24, 1959)[1][2] was a Mexican lawyer,[2][3] socialist politician,[4] ambassador to France …   Wikipedia

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