Lilienblum, Moses Leib

   Hebrew writer, religious reformer and Zionist. Lilienblum received an Orthodox education in Lithuania, but became a socialist, believing this would end anti-Semitism. The pogroms of 1881 changed his ideas and he turned to Zionism.
   He settled in Odessa and wrote in vehement articles that while the winds of change were sweeping through the intellectual world, the learned rabbis still pored over ancient books and were excited only about some new comment on a biblical text. He analyzed anti-Semitism and the rising tide of nationalism, and concluded that ‘aliens we are and aliens we shall remain… We need a corner of our own. We need Palestine’.
   As an adherent of the Chibbat Zion movement, he was one of the thirty-six delegates to the Kattowitz Conference in 1882. After the conference he was constantly involved in raising funds for the struggling Palestine farm settlements, and in fighting the Orthodox injunction that all work on the land had to stop every seven years. When HERZL organized the Zionist movement, he became an active member, in the faction of the ‘practical Zionists’. Lilienblum wrote his autobiography in 1873–6 and a play in Yiddish called Zerubbabel (1887). A collection of his writings was published in four volumes after his death (1910–13).

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • LILIENBLUM, MOSES LEIB — (1843–1910), Hebrew writer, critic, and political journalist. Born in Kedainiai, near Kovno, Lilienblum was one of the leaders of the Haskalah in its last period and a leader of Hibbat Zion. His Life and Public Activity His first teachers were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lilienblum, Moses Leib — (1843 1910)    Russian Hebrew writer, critic and political journalist. He was born in Kedainiai, near Kovno. He was initially attracted to the Haskalah and encouraged religious reform, but in his autobiography HattotNeurim (1876), he criti cized… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lilienblum — Mose Löb Lilienblum (Moses Lilienblum / Moshe Leib Lilienblum, hebräisch: משה לייב לילינבלום; gelegentlich unter Pseudonym: Zelaphchad Bar Chuschim; * 22. Oktober 1843 in Kedahnen, Litauen; † 12. Februar 1910 in Odessa) war russisch jüdischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moshe Leib Lilienblum — (משה לייב לילינבלום) was a Jewish scholar and author born at Keidany, Kovno, October 22, 1843. From his father he learned the calculation of the course of the stars in their relation to the Hebrew calendar (Ḥaṭṭot Ne urim, i. 15). At the age of… …   Wikipedia

  • Moshe Leib Lilienblum — Mose Löb Lilienblum (Moses Lilienblum / Moshe Leib Lilienblum, hebräisch ‏משה לייב לילינבלום‎; gelegentlich unter Pseudonym: Zelaphchad Bar Chuschim; * 22. Oktober 1843 in Kedahnen, Litauen; † 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BEILINSON (Belinson), MOSES ELIEZER — (1835–1908), Hebrew and Yiddish writer and publisher. He was born in Dubrovna (Russia). In 1860 he published a brochure Ẓevi la Ẓaddik containing an apologia for Judaism and an attack upon Christianity and Karaism. He translated Ludwig Philippson …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • HASKALAH — (Heb. הַשְׂכָּלָה), Hebrew term for the Enlightenment movement and ideology which began within Jewish society in the 1770s. An adherent of Haskalah became known as a maskil (pl. maskilim). The movement continued to be influential and spread, with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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