Lestschinsky, Jacob

   Jewish demographer. In Russia, Germany and the United States, and during his last years in Israel, Lestschinsky was a leading sociologist, demographer and statistician of Jewish Diaspora life, and carried out pioneering research studies in this field. LEVI ben-Gershom (Ralbag) 1288– 1344. Philosopher and mathematician. Probably born in southern France, Rabbi Levi ben-Gershom was a scholar of many branches of medieval learning. He wrote dissertations on the Talmud and the Pentateuch, mathematical works on geometry, trigonometry and arithmetic; and mastered astronomy, for which he designed two instruments - a ‘staff of Jacob’ for measuring angles of light, and an improved camera obscura. His major work is Milchamot-Adonai (‘The Wars of the Lord’; 1317–29) in six books, containing his complete religious philosophy. His God was the Aristotelian concept of supreme thought, not the personal God of Scripture, and biblical revelation played no real part in his views.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • LESTSCHINSKY, JACOB — (1876–1966), Russian born pioneer in sociology, economics, and demography of Jewish life. Lestschinsky, who was born in Horodicz in the Ukraine, was deeply affected by and became a member of the benei moshe league when he was 17. He and his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LESTSCHINSKY, JOSEPH — ( Chmurner ; 1884–1935), Jewish socialist leader in Russia and Poland. Both Joseph, who was born in the Ukraine, and his brother, jacob lestschinsky , joined a circle of Zionist youth in Warsaw which acquired in 1903 a socialist character. In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jakob Lestschinsky — (auch Jacob Lestschinsky; * 26. August 1876 in Horodyschtsche, Ukraine; † 22. März 1966 in New York) war ein zumeist in Jiddisch, aber auch in Deutsch schreibender Statistiker und jüdischer Gelehrter, der sich besonders mit der wirtschaftlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • POLAND — POLAND, republic in E. Central Europe; the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania united formally (Poland Lithuania) in 1569. This article is arranged according to the following outline: the early settlements jewish legal status… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTUMS — (Ger.; Science of Judaism ; in Hebrew Ḥokhmat Yisrael). Origin and Definition The term Wissenschaft des Judentums first made its appearance among young Jewish intellectuals during the 1810s and 1820s. Its principal objective, as it was then… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CRIME — INTRODUCTION Jews in the Diaspora have generally been less involved in crime than the populations among which they lived. Their closely knit communities, cohesive family life, high educational standards, moderation in the consumption of alcohol,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POPULATION — Methodological Uncertainties Because of the great difficulties in ascertaining human population data in general, and Jewish data in particular, especially in ancient and medieval times, a word of caution is even more necessary here than in most… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HISTORIOGRAPHY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the bible second temple period chronicles of the jews early middle ages spanish and portuguese sixteenth to the seventeenth centuries systematic histories early studies the wissenschaft …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RUSSIA — RUSSIA, former empire in Eastern Europe; from 1918 the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (R.S.F.S.R.), from 1923 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.); from 1990 the Russian Federation. Until 1772 ORIGINS The penetration… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zionist Socialist Workers Party — ( ru. Сионистско социалистическая рабочая партия), often referred to simply as Zionist Socialists or S.S. by their Russian initials, was a Jewish socialist territorialist political party in Russia and Poland, that emerged out of the Vozrozhdenie… …   Wikipedia

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