La Peyrère, Isaac

(1594 or 1596–1676)
   French theologian. Although he probably came from a family of Marranos, La Peyrère was brought up as a Calvinist. With his Praeadamitae, published in Amsterdam and Basle in 1655 at the expense of Queen Christina of Sweden, he caused a furore by asserting that Adam was not the first man, that the Bible was the history of the Jews and not of all mankind, and that there was no accurate copy of the Bible in existence. The Messiah would yet come to lead the Jews and when he did they should be joined by Christians and led by the king of France. The book, which appeared in English in 1656 and Dutch in 1661, was banned everywhere and La Peyrère arrested. His release was offered on condition that he converted to Catholicism and recanted before the pope. This he did, somewhat sardonically saying that though his views were nowhere contradicted in Scripture, he was willing to abandon what the Church considered wrong. While his messianic theories resembled those current among Marranos and had no lasting effect, his analysis of the Bible was important in laying the foundation for future critical textual study.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • LA PEYRÈRE, ISAAC — (1594 or 1596–1676), French theologian, Bible critic, and anthropologist, apparently of Marrano background. He was born in Bordeaux and raised a Calvinist. In 1640 he became the Prince of Condé s secretary. In 1642–43 he wrote Praeadamitae and Du …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac de La Peyrère — (* 1596 in Bordeaux; † 30. Januar 1676 in Aubervilliers) war ein französischer Diplomat. Seine Eltern waren wohlhabende Hugenotten mit marranischem Hintergrund. 1640 trat er in Paris in den Dienst des Prinzen von Condé. Er wurde Mitglied im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peyrère — Isaac de La Peyrère (* 1596 in Bordeaux; † 30. Januar 1676 in Aubervilliers) war ein französischer Diplomat. Seine Eltern waren wohlhabende Hugenotten. 1640 trat er in Paris in den Dienst des Prinzen von Condé. Er wurde Mitglied im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac La Peyrère — ou Pererius (1596 Aubervilliers 1676) était un philosophe libertin et millénariste français. Il inventa la théorie préadamite, qui eut plus tard une influence sur le polygénisme. Sommaire 1 Bibliographie 1.1 Ouvrages d Isaac La Peyrère 1.1.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac La Peyrère — Isaac La Peyrère, or Pererius, (1596 1676) was a French Millenarian and formulator of Pre Adamite theory. Born into a Huguenot family in Bordeaux, and possibly of Jewish descent, La Peyrère was a lawyer by training and a Calvinist by upbringing,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Peyrere — Isaac Arthur Pereyre (1863 1934) was a Jewish activist in Bayonne (in Southern France), and a commandant in the French army. Although his Hebrew name was יצחק (Isaac), he seems to have been known as Arthur in the secular world. He was married to… …   Wikipedia

  • La Peyrère —   [lapɛ rɛːr], Isaac de, französischer Späthumanist, * Bordeaux 1596 (?), ✝ Aubervilliers 30. 1. 1676; wahrscheinlich marranischer Abstammung; ursprünglich Kalvinist. In der Erwartung eines künftigen messianischen Reiches beschrieb er in »Du… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Präadamiten — Der Neandertaler (im Bild eine Rekonstruktion) lebte einst gleichzeitig mit dem Homo sapiens auf der Erde: Die Präadamitenhypothese war auch Grundstein der modernen Paläontologie. Als Präadamitenhypothese oder Präadamismus bezeichnet man aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ussher-Lightfoot-Chronologie — Anfang von James Usshers Annales Der Ussher Lightfoot Kalender ist eine Chronologie, die auf ein annalistisches Werk von James Ussher aus dem Jahr 1650 zurückgeht. Er versuchte darin unter anderem, das genaue Datum der Schöpfung aus Angaben der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Archaeologie — Ausgrabungen im Tommarp Kloster in Schweden Ausgrabungen auf dem Hamburger Domplatz, auf der Suche nach der Hammaburg In der Archäologie ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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