Landsteiner, Karl

(1868–1943)
   US scientist and Nobel laureate, 1930. Karl Landsteiner was born and educated in Vienna. While working in the Pathology Institute of Vienna University in 1900, he made his basic discovery relating to the different types of human blood, and by 1902. had established the four blood groups, A, B, AB, and O, together with definitive methods of blood- typing. Further research established that these blood groups were inherited, which was significant for various biological and anthropological studies. In 1922 he was invited to join the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York, where he remained until his death. In 1927 his group discovered additional blood group factors, M, N and MN. In 1940, he was involved in the discovery of the Rhesus factor. Landsteiner was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology in 1930 for his work on blood groups and typing. His most important book was The Specifi-city of Seriological Reactions (1936).

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Landsteiner, Karl — Landsteiner , Karl …   Scientists

  • LANDSTEINER, KARL — (1868–1943), scientist and Nobel Prize laureate, discoverer of the basic human blood groups and of the Rhesus blood factor. Landsteiner was born in Vienna; from 1898 to 1908 he worked at the Pathology Institute of Vienna University and from 1909… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Landsteiner, Karl — Médico y fisiólogo austríaco nacido en 1868. Fue el descubridor de los grupos sanguíneos A, B y 0, por lo que obtuvo el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1930. En 1940, junto al estadounidense Alexander Salomon Wiener, descubrió otro… …   Diccionario médico

  • Landsteiner , Karl — (1868–1943) Austrian–American pathologist Landsteiner, the son of a prominent Viennese journalist, was educated at the University of Vienna, where he obtained his MD in 1891. After studying chemistry in Germany under Emil Fischer and in… …   Scientists

  • Landsteiner, Karl — ▪ Austrian immunologist and pathologist born June 14, 1868, Vienna, Austrian Empire [Austria] died June 26, 1943, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Austrian American immunologist and pathologist who received the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine… …   Universalium

  • Landsteiner,Karl — Land·stei·ner (lăndʹstī nər, läntʹshtī ), Karl. 1868 1943. Austrian born American pathologist. He won a 1930 Nobel Prize for the discovery of human blood groups. * * * …   Universalium

  • Landsteiner, Karl — (1868 1943)    Austrian scientist. Born in Vienna, he studied at the University of Vienna and later in Würzburg, Munich and Zurich. He worked in laboratories and hospitals in Vienna and Berlin, and later at the University of Vienna and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Landsteiner, Karl — ► (1868 1943) Médico austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1930 por sus estudios sobre los grupos sanguíneos y sobre el factor Rhesus …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Landsteiner, Karl — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 14 June 1868 Vienna, Austria d. 26 June 1943 New York, USA [br] Austrian/American physician, physiologist and immunologist, discoverer of human blood groups. [br] He graduated in medicine from Vienna in… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Landsteiner — Landsteiner, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

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