Kun, Béla

(1886–1939)
   Communist dictator of Hungary in 1919. Kun came from a middle-class Jewish family and joined the Social Democratic Party when he was sixteen. He was a prisoner of war in Russia at the time of the revolution and immediately joined the Bolsheviks, becoming a fervent disciple of LENIN. He returned to Hungary soon after the revolution of October 1918, which had brought Karolyi to power as head of a government of Social Democrats and Radicals. Kun tried to overthrow Karolyi’s regime and was imprisoned in February 1919. Karolyi soon found the situation too difficult to handle and Kun was released and made head of the government. He eliminated all the moderates from it and proclaimed Hungary a Soviet republic. His policy led the peasants to refuse to supply food to the towns. This and the failure of his armies, especially against the Romanians, caused Kun to flee the country to Moscow. He was executed by Stalin in 1939.
   Kun was totally alienated from Judaism. However, his regime included a number of Jews and there were anti-Jewish riots in the ‘White terror’ that followed its suppression. About three thousand Jews are believed to have been killed.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • KUN, BÉLA — (1886–1938), communist who was dictator of Hungary for a short period in 1919. Born in Szilagycseh, Kun joined the Social Democratic Party when only 16 and became secretary of the Workers Sick Fund in Klausenburg. He fought in the Austro… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kun, Béla — Kun (ko͞on), Béla. 1886 1939?. Hungarian politician who founded the Hungarian Communist Party (1918) and organized the revolution in Budapest (1919). He briefly served as premier but fled the country during a counterrevolution (1919). * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • Kun Béla — born Feb. 20, 1886, Szilágycseh, Transylvania, Austria Hungary died Nov. 30, 1939?, U.S.S.R. Hungarian communist leader. He fought in the Austrian army in World War I, was captured by the Russians, and became a Bolshevik. After returning to… …   Universalium

  • Kun, Bela — (1886–1939)    Bela Kun was a Hungarian communist leader who was active in the Bolshevik Party before becoming a victim of Josef Stalin’s purges. Born in Transylvania in 1886 Kun’s career in radical politics began as a journalist for a radical… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Kun, Bela — ► (1886 1939) Político Comunista húngaro. Después de la Primera Guerra Mundial fundó el Partido Comunista húngaro y organizó la revolución comunista de 1919. Proclamó la dictadura del proletariado, imponiendo una doctrina de principios rígidos y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kun, Bela — (1886 1939)    Hungarian communist leader. Born in a small Translyvanian town, he was educated at Kolozsvar. He joined the Hungarian Social Democratic party in 1902 and later the army. From 1918 he led the Hungarian group in the Russian Communist …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kun — Kun, Bela …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Béla Kun — (February 20 1886 – August 29 1938), born Béla Kohn, was a Hungarian Communist politician, who ruled Hungary, as the leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, for a brief period in 1919. Early life Kun was born in Szilágycseh, Transylvania,… …   Wikipedia

  • KUN (B.) — KUN BÉLA (1886 1939) Fondateur du Parti communiste hongrois. Le père de Béla Kun est un petit employé communal d’origine juive, non pratiquant, très attaché à la tradition radicale et nationaliste de Kossuth. Après avoir fait du journalisme, Kun… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Béla Kun — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Béla Kun Béla Kun (nacido Béla Kohn) (Szilágycseh (hoy Cehu Silvaniei, Transilvania), 20 de febrero de 1886 URSS, 29 de agosto de 1938), destacado político …   Wikipedia Español

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