Kook (Kuk), Abraham Isaac

(1865–1935)
   Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Palestine. Kook was the first legally recognized Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the Land of Israel and is remembered as one of the greatest. His Zionist views aroused opposition among Orthodox colleagues when he first arrived in Palestine in 1904, and many of his later ideas were also too radical for the rabbinical establishment. Kook hoped to revive the Sanhedrin in order to enable Judaism to come to terms with modern ideas, and to transform the curriculum of yeshivot so that they would produce spiritual leaders of the Jewish people. His mystical leanings led him to interpret the early chapters of Genesis in a fashion which alienated fundamentalist opinion. In the last year of his life he publicly defended the suspected assassin of the Zionist labour leader Chaim ARLOSOROFF, who was acquitted on a technicality but remained the subject of bitter attacks by left- wing Zionists. In spite of the controversies he aroused, Kook’s humanity, independent judgement and sympathy even for irreligious chalutzim earned him love and respect throughout the Jewish world.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KOOK (Kuk), ABRAHAM ISAAC — (1865–1935), rabbinical authority and thinker; first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of modern Ereẓ Israel. Born in Greiva (now Griva), Latvia, Kook received the type of Jewish education that was customary in 19th century Eastern Europe. At a very early… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Isaac Kook — (1865–1935) was the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of the British Mandate for Palestine, the founder of the Religious Zionist Yeshiva Merkaz HaRav, Jewish thinker, Halachist, Kabbalist and a renowned Torah scholar. He is known in Hebrew as הרב אברהם …   Wikipedia

  • Hébreu yéménite — L hébreu yéménite, aussi appelé hébreu temani, fait référence à un système de prononciation de l hébreu biblique utilisé en liturgie par les Juifs yéménites. Les Juifs yéménites apportèrent leur langue en Israël par immigration, dont la première… …   Wikipédia en Français


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