French family of Hebrew grammarians. Joseph ben-Isaac Kimchi (c. 1105–70) fled from the Moslem Almohad invasion of Spain and settled in Narbonne in Provence, already the centre of a thriving and cultured Jewish community. Spanish exiles like Kimchi brought new methods of scholarship to the region, particularly in the study of Hebrew grammar which, from their knowledge of Arabic, the Spanish scholars had greatly advanced. In his two grammatical works Kimchi systematized the work of previous Spanish scholars. Kimchi also wrote commentaries on Scripture, religious poems and translations from Arabic. He composed one of the first critical attacks on Christian biblical interpretation written by a Jew in Europe.
   His work was developed by his two sons, Moses (died c. 1190) and David (c. 1160–c. 1235). Moses’ major grammatical work was translated into Latin in 1520 and was one of the main textbooks used by Christian scholars of Hebrew in the 16 century. In a three-volume work, the more famous David summarized all the research that had been done on Hebrew philology in the two centuries preceding, and his book soon became widely used. David was also interested in philosophy and travelled to Toledo, in Spain, to rally the supporters of MAIMONIDES in the controversy over his works. Like his father, he challenged the claims of Christian theologians.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kimchi — ist der hebräische Name folgender Personen: Joseph Kimchi (1105 1170), Rabbiner, und seine Söhne: Moses Kimchi (? 1190) David Kimchi (1160 1235) eine Zubereitungsart von Gemüse in der koreanischen Küche, siehe Gimchi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kimchi —   [ kɪmçi], jüdische Grammatikerfamilie; bekannte Vertreter:    1) David, genannt Redak (Rabbi David Kimchi), * Narbonne 1160, ✝ ebenda 1235, Sohn von 2). Sein Hauptwerk »Miklol« (Vollkommenheit, Enzyklopädie, 1545), im ersten Teil Grammatik, im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kimchi — (spr. Kimtschi), hebräische Gelehrtenfamilie aus Narbonne im 12. u. 13. Jahrh.; 1) Moses K., Sohn Josephe K.; er schr. Hebräische Grammatik, Venedig 1624. 2) Rabbi David K. Bruder des Vor., welcher die Streitigkeiten übel die Schriften Maimonides …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kimchi — Kimchi, 1) Joseph, der erste jüd. Gelehrte, der in christlichen Ländern (Provence) eine hebräische Grammatik verfaßte (um 1150–70), eine Polemik gegen das Christentum schrieb, Bachjas Buch (»Chobot halebaboth«, »Herzenspflichten«) ins Hebräische… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kimchi — (Kimtschi), jüd. Gelehrtenfamilie aus Narbonne; Moses K. verfaßte eine hebräische Grammatik, sein berühmter Bruder David, gest. um 1240, schrieb Commentare zu fast allen Büchern des alten Testaments, eine hebräische Grammatik und ein hebräisches… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • kimchi — 1898, from Korean …   Etymology dictionary

  • kimchi — or kimchee [kim′chē] n. [Korean] a spicy Korean dish consisting of pickled cabbage, peppers, garlic, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Kimchi — Infobox Korean name hangul=김치 hanja=linktext|沈|菜 (archaic; see article) rr=gimchi mr=kimch iKimchi, also spelled gimchi or kimchee, is a traditional Korean fermented dish made of vegetables with varied seasonings, most commonly referring to the… …   Wikipedia

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