Katznelson, Berl

(1887–1944)
   Palestine labour leader. The son of a merchant in Byelorussia, Katznelson was an early supporter of the Zionist Socialist faction led by Nachman SYRKIN. In 1908 he emigrated to Palestine where he quickly became a leading figure in the Jewish labour movement. He was instrumental in setting up the consumer co-operative, Hamashbir Hamerkazi, and the workers’ sick fund, Kupat Cholim. A firm believer in public ownership of land and resources through the Jewish National Fund, he helped to develop the kibbutz system and the type of smallholders’ co-operative village known as moshav ovdim. Katznelson and BENGURION were the chief figures in the struggle for labour unity which led to the founding of Achdut Avodah in 1919, and to a united Labour Party, Mapai, in 1930. As editor of the Labour daily, Davar, founded in 1925, Katznelson was accepted as the chief ideological exponent of Labour Zionism in Palestine, and in certain respects he was one of the most admired and influential figures in the Second Aliyah. He was a self-educated but widely read intellectual, a man of strong moral convictions, a fine speaker and Hebrew stylist. Katznelson disagreed with WEIZMANN and Ben-Gurion in opposing the partition plan for Palestine, proposed by the Peel Commission in 1937. What he favoured was stepping up Jewish immigration, even when illegal, and a stronger resistance against restrictive British policies. In 1940 he reluctantly changed his mind about a partitioned Jewish state, which he advocated from then on.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KATZNELSON, BERL — (Beeri; 1887–1944), central figure of the Second Aliyah, a leader of the Zionist Labor movement, educator, and writer. Born in Bobruisk, Belorussia, son of a merchant, maskil, and a member of Ḥovevei Zion, Katznelson   was a frail child. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Katznelson, Berl — (1887 1944)    Labor Zionist organizer, leader, and ideologist. Born in Bobruisk, Russia, he became active at an early age in the Jewish socialist groups of Russia as well as labor Zionists and socialist Zionists. Arriving in Palestine in 1909,… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Katznelson, Berl — (1887 1944)    Palestinian labour leader. He was born in Belorussia and emigrated to Palestine in 1909. He became an ideologist of the labour movement. He was one of the founders of the Ah dut ha Avodah party in 1919, and of the Histradrut in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Berl Katznelson — ( he. ברל כצנלסון, born 25 January 1887, died 12 August 1944) was one the intellectual founders of Labor Zionism, instrumental to the establishment of the modern State of Israel, and the editor of Davar , the first daily newspaper of the workers… …   Wikipedia

  • Berl Katznelson — (1934) Berl Katznelson (auch: Kazenelson, Kaznelson; * 1887 in Bobruisk, Weißrussland; † 13. August 1944[1] in Jerusalem) war israelischer Arbeiterführer, Journalist und Politiker, gründete u. a. auch die israelische Krankenkasse (Kuppat Cholim)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katznelson — is a surname may refer to:* Berl Katznelson, a Labor Zionism philosopher * Avraham Katznelson (Avraham Nissan), Zionist political figure, a signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence. * Yitzhak Katznelson, an Israeli mathematician *… …   Wikipedia

  • Katznelson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Berl Katznelson (auch: Kazenelson, Kaznelson, 1887–1944), israelischer Arbeiterführer, Journalist und Politiker Ira Katznelson (* 1944), ein US amerikanischer Politologe und Historiker Siegmund Katznelson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katznelson —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Katznelson ou Katzenelson est un nom de famille juif. Il est ou fut porté par : Berl Katznelson, une tête pensante du sionisme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beit Berl — Infobox University name =Beit Berl Academic College native name =המכללה האקדמית בית ברל established =1970 type =Public endowment = staff = faculty = president = provost = principal = rector = chancellor = vice chancellor = dean = head label =… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Kas–Kat — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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