Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich

(b. 1893)
   Soviet politician. Kaganovich, born in Kiev, came from a working-class family. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1911 and was active in the revolutionary underground. From 1914 he was a member of the Communist Party’s Kiev committee and played an active role in the period leading up to the October Revolution of 1917, rising rapidly in the party hierarchy. In 1930 he became a member of the nine-man committee which controled the Communist Party in the Soviet Union and remained in the Politburo until his fall from grace in 1957. Known as the party’s ‘trouble-shooter’ he was largely responsible for the construction of the Neprostroi (the giant hydropower scheme on the River Dnieper), the building of the Moscow underground, which once bore his name, the organization of machine tractor stations, which made possible the collective farm structure, and the development of rail-ways and heavy industry. During World War II he served in the Soviet war cabinet. After the war, he was appointed deputy prime minister and then first deputy prime minister of the Soviet Union. In 1957 he was accused of belonging to the so-called ‘anti-Party group’ of Molotov, Malenkov and Shepilov and dismissed from all government posts. For a considerable period Kaganovich was the only Jew holding a key position within the Soviet leadership.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • KAGANOVICH, LAZAR MOISEYEVICH — (1893–1991), Soviet politician. Born in Kiev province, Kaganovich joined the Communist Party in 1911 and became a member of the Kiev committee of the party in 1914. In 1915 he was arrested and   restricted to residence in Kabana, his native… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich — ▪ Soviet official born Nov. 10 [Nov. 22, New Style], 1893, Kabany, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 25, 1991, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet Communist Party leader and supporter of Joseph Stalin (Stalin, Joseph).       As a… …   Universalium

  • Kaganovich, Lazar (Moiseyevich) — born Nov. 22, 1893, Kabany, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 25, 1991, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet political leader. He joined the Bolsheviks in 1911 and became head of the Soviet government of Tashkent in 1920. As head of the… …   Universalium

  • Kaganovich, Lazar Moiseyevich — (1893 1991)    Soviet politician. Born in Kiev, he joined the Bolsheviks in 1911. From 1914 he was a member of the communist party s Kiev committee. He played an active role in the period leading up to the October Revolution of 1917. In 1930 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • lazar — lazarlike, adj. /laz euhr, lay zeuhr/, n. a person infected with a disease, esp. leprosy. [1300 50; ME < ML lazarus leper, special use of LL Lazarus LAZARUS] * * * (as used in expressions) Kaganovich Lazar Moiseyevich Lazar Markovich Lisitskii… …   Universalium

  • Lázar Kaganóvich — Lázar Moiséyevich Kaganóvich Лазарь Моисеевич Каганович Primer Secretario del Partido Comunista de la RSS d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lazar Kaganovich — Infobox Officeholder name = Lazar Kaganovich Лазарь Моисеевич Каганович nationality = Jewish Ukrainian order = Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party term start = 1928 term end = 1939 predecessor = successor = order2 = Member… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukraine — /yooh krayn , kruyn , yooh krayn/, n. a republic in SE Europe: rich agricultural and industrial region. 50,684,635; 223,090 sq. mi. (603,700 sq. km). Cap.: Kiev. Russian, Ukraina. Formerly, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. * * * Ukraine… …   Universalium

  • Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich — ▪ premier of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction born April 17 [April 5, Old Style], 1894, Kalinovka, Russia died September 11, 1971, Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union  first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–64)… …   Universalium

  • Καγκάνοβιτς, Λάζαρ Μοϊσέγεβιτς — (Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich, 1893 – 1991).Ουκρανός πολιτικός. Έγινε μέλος του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος το 1911, οργάνωσε την άμυνα της Ουκρανίας κατά των Λευκορώσων του Ντενίκιν (1910 20) και πρωτοστάτησε στην ίδρυση του Κομουνιστικού Κόμματος… …   Dictionary of Greek

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