Joshua ben-Hananiah

(1–2nd century AD)
   Tanna. Joshua, a pupil of JOCHANAN BEN-ZAKKAI, was a member of the Sanhedrin at the time of the destruction of the Temple. During the siege of Jerusalem, Joshua and ELIEZER BEN-HYRCANUS carried Jochanan ben-Zakkai out of the city in a coffin. Joshua, well aware of the military supremacy of the Romans, strove for peace with them. He went on several missions to Rome and had discussions with Emperor HADRIAN. These are noted in the Babylonian Talmud and Palestinian Midrashim. When Hadrian refused to allow the Jews to rebuild the Temple, Joshua persuaded them not to revolt, telling them the parable of the crane who pulled a thorn out of the lion’s throat. When the bird asked for a reward the lion replied, ‘Boast that you put your head in the lion’s jaws and survived!’ Joshua explained that it was enough to survive in the Roman Empire. (The BAR- KOCHBA revolt did not break out until after his death.)
   Joshua took an independent stand on halachic matters. He disagreed with the patriarch Gamaliel over the date for the Day of Atonement and other matters. Gamaliel treated him in a humiliating fashion, but the other sages resented this and forced the patriarch to resign. Joshua bore him no grudge, and when he was reinstated continued to serve under him. Joshua seems to have known mathematics and astronomy, and as he was a member of the Sanhedrin this was important for the fixing and intercalation of the calendar. Living, as he did, at a time when Judaism and Christianity were finally separating, he was strongly opposed to the Jewish Christians, and showed great skill in arguing with them.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Joshua ben Hananiah — (Hebrew: יהושע בן חנניה d.131CE) was a leading tanna of the first half century following the destruction of the Temple. He was of Levitical descent (Ma as. Sh. v. 9), and served in the sanctuary as a member of the class of singers (Arakhin 11b).… …   Wikipedia

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  • Joshua ben Hananiah — (fl. 1st 2nd cent)    Palestinian tanna. During the siege of Jerusalem (70), he helped his teacher Johanan ben Zakkai, to escape. Favoured by the Romans, he travelled repeatedly to Rome on national missions to aid the Jewish cause. After the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • JOSHUA BEN HYRCANUS — (beginning of the second century C.E.), tanna. He is only once mentioned in the Mishnah (Sot. 5:5) expounding that Job served the Lord from love (not from fear). For this aggadic teaching he is praised by joshua b. hananiah , who calls him the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • HANANIAH — (Hanina), nephew of Joshua b. Hananiah (second century C.E.), tanna. Some are of the opinion that Hananiah was the son of Judah b. Hananiah who is mentioned in a single source as the author of an aggadic statement (Sif. Deut. 306), but there is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEN AZZAI, SIMEON — (early second century C.E.), tanna, generally referred to in talmudic literature simply as Ben Azzai. In three places in the Mishnah (Zev. 1:3, Yad. 3:5, 4:2) he is referred to by his full name: Rabbi Shimon ben Azzai (according to Parma de Rossi …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEN ZOMA, SIMEON — (second century), tanna. A contemporary of akiva , he appears to have studied under joshua b. hananiah (Naz. 8:1, and cf. Tos. Ḥag. 2:6). The Mishnah says that he was the last of the authoritative biblical expositors (Sot. 9:15). According to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Haninah ben Teradion — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion or Hananiah ben Teradion (Hebrew: חנניה בן תרדיון) was a teacher in the third Tannaitic generation (2nd century). He was a contemporary of… …   Wikipedia

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