Johnson, Lyndon Baines

   36th president of the United States. Johnson’s first involvement with the Middle East conflict was after the Sinai Campaign of 1956. As Democratic majority leader of the Senate, he publicly opposed President Eisenhower’s threat of sanctions if Israel did not withdraw her forces unconditionally from the Sinai Desert and the Gaza Strip. Johnson was himself in the White House when the Israel-Arab crisis of 1967 erupted. When NASSER declared a blockade of the Gulf of Akaba in May, President Johnson tried to implement the guarantee of free passage by an international naval escort for Israel vessels, but had to abandon the idea through lack of support in Congress and from allied governments. Through the then unprecedented use of the ‘hot line’ to President Kosygin in Moscow, he ensured that the Six-Day War would be localized, without a military involvement of the Big Powers.
   In the Security Council debates following on the Israel victory, the Johnson administration showed that it had understood the lesson of 1956. It firmly upheld the position that Israel forces should withdraw from the cease-fire lines only in the context of a final and agreed peace settlement. Moreover, Johnson provided Israel with the military and economic aid it needed to maintain its deterrent strength. This unwritten alliance was marked by the visit of Prime Minister Levi ESHKOL to Johnson’s Texan ranch in the spring of 1968 and the decision announced later that year that Israel would be sold Phantom planes, the most advanced and versatile fighter bomber aircraft in the US arsenal.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JOHNSON, LYNDON BAINES° — (1908–1973), 36th president of the United States. As Democratic floor leader, he opposed President Eisenhower s plan for sanctions against Israel after the 1956 Arab Israel war. As president, Johnson was extremely effective in pushing through… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Johnson,Lyndon Baines — Johnson, Lyndon Baines. 1908 1973. The 36th President of the United States (1963 1969), who succeeded to the office after John F. Kennedy was assassinated. He won the 1964 election but faced increasing criticism over the mounting U.S. involvement …   Universalium

  • Johnson, Lyndon Baines — ► (1908 73) Político estadounidense. Tras el asesinato de J. Kennedy asumió la presidencia en 1963 y fue elegido en 1964 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johnson, Lyndon Baines —  (1908–1973) U.S. president (1963–1969) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson — Lyndon B. Johnson, 9. Jan. 1969 Lyndon Baines Johnson (* 27. August 1908 in Stonewall, Texas; † 22. Januar 1973 in San Antonio) war der 36. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (1963 bis 1969) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson — Lyndon Johnson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnson. Lyndon Johnson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Library & Museum — Lyndon Baines Johnson Library Museum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum — Présentation Type Bibliothèque présidentielle Architecte Gordon Bunshaft de Skidmore, Owings and Merrill …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac — Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Day — is a legal state holiday in Texas. It falls every year on August 27, to mark the birthday of U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson.After Johnson died in 1973, the Texas State Legislature created a legal state holiday to be observed every year on… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.