Jewess of Toledo

(12th century)
   According to a story that has formed the basis of many literary works, Alfonso VIII, king of Castile (1155–1214), was so enamoured of a beautiful Jewess called Fermosa (or Raquel) that he ignored his wife, the daughter of England’s Henry II, for seven years and ‘paid no heed to the government or to any other matter’. In the first account of the story, related by Alfonso’s grand-nephew, Alfonso x in his ‘History of Spain’, the notables (perhaps goaded by the queen) resolved to remind the king of his duties by murdering his mistress. Fermosa’s story became a popular literary theme in Spanish, French and German. The most recent version appeared in Lion Feucht- wanger’s novel, Raquel, The Jewess of Toledo, published in English in 1956. Over the years, Fermosa or Raquel’s fictional character varied from that of a scheming whore to that of a second Esther.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • JEWESS OF TOLEDO — JEWESS OF TOLEDO, the central figure in a legendary love affair of King Alfonso VIII of Castile (1155–1214), which has furnished material for innumerable plays, poems, and novels in Spanish and other languages. The essential story is that Alfonso …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • The Jewess of Toledo — (German: Die Jüdin von Toledo) is a play by Franz Grillparzer. Written in 1851, it was first performed in Prague in 1872, after Grillparzer s death. The play is based on the love affair between King Alfonso VIII of Castille and Rahel la Fermosa,… …   Wikipedia

  • Die Jüdin von Toledo — Alfonso VIII of Castile, one of the main characters of the story. This article describes the book by Lion Feuchtwanger. For the play by Franz Grillparzer, see The Jewess of Toledo. Die Jüdin von Toledo is a 1955 novel by German Jewish writer Lion …   Wikipedia

  • GERMAN LITERATURE — Biblical and Hebraic Influences Before the Aufklaerung (Age of Enlightenment), Jewish influences in German literature were essentially biblical and Hebraic. The medieval miracle or mystery plays, in Germany as in England and France, dramatized… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE LITERATURE — Biblical and Hebraic Influences One result of the Christian struggle against Muslim invaders of the Iberian peninsula from the eighth century onward was the blending of national and religious aspirations, which revealed itself in Spanish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Franz Grillparzer — Lithograph by Josef Kriehuber, 1841 Born 15 January 1791 Vienna, Austria Died 21 January 1872 Vienna Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Lion Feuchtwanger — Stamp in memory of Lion Feuchtwanger Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 – 21 December 1958) was a German Jewish novelist and playwright. A prominent figure in the literary world of Weimar Germany, he influenced contemporaries including playwright… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso VIII of Castile — Alfonso VIII (11 November 1155 ndash; 5 October 1214), called the Noble or Él de las Navas , was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo [ [http://www.geocities.com/eurprin/castile.html Titles of the European kings] ] . He… …   Wikipedia

  • Grillparzer, Franz — (1791 1872)    Playwright. Grillparzer was perhaps the most accomplished playwright of 19th century Austria; scholars sometimes compare his work to Heinrich von Kleist s as an example of late Romanticism, because his characters (like Kleist s)… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Eusebio Asquerino — (1822 1892) was a Spanish poet and playwright of the romantic era. His book, Poesías ( Poems , 1870), has a style influenced by José de Espronceda and José Zorilla and some of his work, such as A Lincoln ( To Lincoln , 1865) or El obrero ( The… …   Wikipedia

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