Ishmael ben-Elisha

(early 2nd century)
   Tanna. Ishmael was one of the great sages of the Mishnah. When he was a small boy, he was taken captive by the Romans. Rabbi Joshua, on hearing that a Jewish child was in prison, went there and quoted a biblical passage. Getting a biblical reply, Joshua promptly ransomed him. Ishmael became his pupil and later his associate. He was so dedicated to Torah study that when a nephew asked him whether secular studies were permissible, he replied, ‘Yes, if you find a time which is neither day or night.’ He did hold, though, that a scholar should earn a living. He was famous for his thirteen rules for biblical exegesis. Ishmael was of priestly descent and is often called ‘High Priest’. According to legend, he knew the Divine Name, the Tetragrammaton, and uttered it in order to ascend to heaven and find out if the death of the Ten Martyrs at the hands of the Romans was ordained. Some say Ishmael too died a martyr’s death.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • Ishmael ben Elisha — (90 135 CE, commonly known as Rabbi Ishmael, Hebrew: רבי ישמעאל) was a Tanna of the first and second centuries (third tannaitic generation). A Tanna ( plural , Tannaim) is a Jewish rabbinic sage whose views are recorded in the Mishnah.… …   Wikipedia

  • ISHMAEL BEN ELISHA — (first half of the second century C.E.), tanna, the Ishmael generally mentioned without patronymic. Ishmael was one of the sages the stamp of whose personality and teachings had a permanent effect on tannaitic literature and on Judaism as a whole …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ishmael ben Elisha — flourished 2nd century AD Jewish scholar. Born into a wealthy priestly family, he was taken captive by the Roman legions that sacked Jerusalem in AD 70, but he was ransomed by his former teacher and was sent back to Palestine to study. Ishmael… …   Universalium

  • Ishmael ben Elisha — ( s. II AD). Sabio judío. Nacido en el seno de una acaudalada familia sacerdotal, fue llevado en cautiverio por las legiones romanas que saquearon Jerusalén en 70 AD, pero su antiguo maestro pagó el rescate y fue enviado de regreso a Palestina,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ishmael ben Elisha — (fl. 2nd cent)    Palestinian tanna. He lived at Kephar Aziz. He disputed with Akiva about halakhic and aggadic matters, and expanded to 13 the seven hermeneutical rules laid down by Hillel. He was also one of the leading aggadists of the period …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ben — /ben/, n. a male given name, form of Benjamin. * * * (as used in expressions) Akiba ben Joseph Alfasi Isaac ben Jacob Alkalai Judah ben Solomon Hai Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Israel ben Eliezer Ben Ali Zine el Abidine Ben Bella Ahmed Ben… …   Universalium

  • Ishmael — For other uses, see Ishmael (disambiguation). Ishmael A depiction of Hagar and Ishmael in the desert by François Joseph Navez Prophet, Patriarch, Father of the Arabs, Constructor of the Kaaba, Apostle to Arabi …   Wikipedia

  • Ishmael (disambiguation) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Ishmael imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = region = origin = related names = Ismail footnotes = Ishmael may mean:People: * Ishmael, son of Abraham, in the context of Abrahamic religions *… …   Wikipedia

  • ben — ben1 /ben/, Scot. n. 1. the inner or back room of a two room cottage, esp. when used as a combined parlor and bedroom. adv., prep. 2. within; inside. adj. 3. inside; inner. [1400 50; late ME (Scots); as adv., unexplained var. of late ME bin, ME… …   Universalium

  • ben — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Árbol o moringáceo, con tronco recto, flores blancas y cuyo fruto da por presión un aceite que no se enrancia y que se emplea en relojería y perfumería. (Moringa oleifera.) * * * ben1 (pl. «beni») Palabra árabe,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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