Ibn Ezra, Moses

(c. 1055–1138)
   Spanish philosopher and linguist. Ibn Ezra was born in Granada, and became the chief literary authority among Spanish Jews in his time. He left his native city soon after 1091, some say because of a disappointment in love, but it is more than likely that his departure coincided with the capture of Granada by the Moslem Almoravids. Although they were not noted as religious fanatics, as were the Almohads, the new rulers proceeded to settle the town with Moslems. Under the previous Moslem dynasty, the town had been inhabited largely by Jews.
   Until his death, Moses wandered around in Castile and Aragon, then under Christian rule. His writings - a philosophical treatise in Arabic, a treatise on rhetoric and poetry, also in Arabic, and secular and religious poems written in Hebrew - are imbued with deep pessimism. He emphasized the inability of the human mind to grasp the mysteries of existence and his penitential poems depicted the emptiness of life, the vanity of worldly glory and the disappointment that is the inevitable reward of the seeker after pleasure.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • ibn Ezra, Moses — ▪ Spanish Jewish poet born c. 1060, , Granada, Spain died c. 1139       Hebrew poet and critic, one of the finest poets of the golden age of Spanish Jewry (900–1200). He was one of the first Jewish poets to write secular verse; his surname, “ha… …   Universalium

  • Ibn Ezra, Moses — (b.c.1055 after 1135)    Spanish Hebrew poet and philosopher. He was born in Granada and became a friend of Judah ha Levi. After the Almoravides captured Granada in 1090, he led a wandering life. He wrote poetry, an examination of the methodology …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • IBN EZRA, MOSES BEN JACOB — (also known as Abu Harun; c. 1055–after 1135), Spanish Hebrew poet and philosopher. Born in Granada, he was a pupil of Isaac ibn Ghayyat in Lucena, the city of poetry. In his youth Moses acquired a very comprehensive Jewish and Arabic education.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ibn Ezra — This article is about Moses ibn Ezra, for other people with the name Ibn Ezra see Ibn Ezra. Rabbi Moses ben Jacob ibn Ezra, known as ha Sallah ( writer of penitential prayers ) (Arabic: أبو هارون موسى بن يعقوب ابن عزرا‎, Abu Harun Musa bin Ya… …   Wikipedia

  • Moses ibn Ezra — Moïse ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IBN EZRA, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR — (1089–1164), one of the most important Jewish Bible exegetes; also a poet, composer of piyyutim , grammarian, translator, philosopher, astronomer, and astrologer. Exceptionally erudite, he was among the last creative geniuses of the Spanish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ibn Ezra — Moses ben Jacob ibn Ezra (en árabe, أبو هارون موسى بن يعقوب ابن عزرا, en hebreo, משה בן יעקב הסלח אבן עזרא) conocido como ha Sallah, «escritor de penitencias» (Granada, entre 1055 y 1060 después de 1138), fue un rabino, filósofo, lingüista y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ibn Ezra — was a prominent Jewish family from Spain spanning many centuries.The name ibn Ezra may refer to:* Abraham ibn Ezra (1092 1167), a Rabbi who lived in the eleventh and twelfth centuries * Moses ibn Ezra (?1070 after 1138), a Spanish linguist,… …   Wikipedia

  • IBN EZRA, SOLOMON BEN MOSES — (d. 1688), Turkish rabbi. A pupil of joseph escapa , he became dayyan at Smyrna, where because of his knowledge of Turkish he was appointed secretary of the community as well as its representative (kehaja) in its dealings with the Turkish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir — ▪ Spanish Jewish scholar born 1092/93, Tudela, Emirate of Saragossa died 1167, Calahorra, Spain       poet, grammarian, traveller, Neoplatonic philosopher, and astronomer, best known as a biblical exegete whose commentaries contributed to the… …   Universalium

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