Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben-Meir

(c. 1089–c. 1164)
   Spanish poet and biblical scholar. Ibn Ezra was born in Tudela, and was closely attached to his renowned fellow-townsman Judah HALEVI. He lived in Cordova under a pseudonym, and had considerable difficulty in earning a livelihood. He wrote ironically of his ventures, ‘If I were to take up shroud-making, men would leave off dying.’ In legendary tales he is pictured as a beggar, seeking alms from door to door. He left the city about 1140 and after that lived as a wandering scholar, mainly in Italy, also visiting France, North Africa, London and maybe Palestine in his old age.
   Ibn Ezra’s works of biblical exegesis, intended to give the simple meaning of the Torah, were composed in Italy. It was through these works that the fruits of Spanish philosophy were spread outside Spain. An astronomer and mathematician, he is considered the first scientific commentator on the Bible, and centuries later SPINOZA was inspired by his work. He also produced poetry, both religious and secular; treatises on Hebrew grammar for the instruction of the Italian communities; short philosophical works; and works on astronomy and mathematics - including a decimal system for writing numbers.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • IBN EZRA, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR — (1089–1164), one of the most important Jewish Bible exegetes; also a poet, composer of piyyutim , grammarian, translator, philosopher, astronomer, and astrologer. Exceptionally erudite, he was among the last creative geniuses of the Spanish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir — ▪ Spanish Jewish scholar born 1092/93, Tudela, Emirate of Saragossa died 1167, Calahorra, Spain       poet, grammarian, traveller, Neoplatonic philosopher, and astronomer, best known as a biblical exegete whose commentaries contributed to the… …   Universalium

  • IBN MUHĀJIR, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR — (c. 1100; also called Ibn Shortmeqash), leader of the Jewish community in seville , Spain. A member of a prominent family, Abraham served at the court of the Abbadid king al Muʾtamid, and was called by the title of vizier. He is mentioned by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham-Ben-Meir Aben-Ezra —     Abraham ben Méir Aben Ezra     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abraham ben Méir Aben Ezra     (Or IBN EZRA).     A celebrated Spanish Rabbi, born at Toledo in 1092; died on his Journey from Rome, or Rodez, to his native land, 23 January, 1167. He… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abraham ben Meir Ibn Esra — (auch Abraham Ben Ezra, Aben Esra, Avenesra oder Ebenesra) (* um 1092 in Tudela, Spanien; † 23. Januar oder 28. Januar 1167) war ein jüdischer Gelehrter und Schriftsteller. Nach ihm ist der Mondkrater Abenezra benannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Libro del Éxodo comentado por Aben Ezra y publicado en 1488. El rabí Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra, conocido también como Aben Ezra o Esra, Abraham Judaeus, Abendre y Avenara, y calificado como el Sabio, el Grande, el Admirable, (Tudela, Taifa de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Rabí Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra Nació en el año 1092 en Tudela, que perteneció antiguamente al emirato de Zaragoza y actualmente es una población de Navarra, – Falleció en Calahorra, 1167 Hombre polifacético: poeta, filósofo, gramático, cabalista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abraham Ben Esra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Ben Ezra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

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