- Followers of the 17 century pseudo-messiah Shabbetai Zevi.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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SHABBETAI ẒEVI — (1626–1676), the central figure of Shabbateanism, the messianic movement named after him. Background of the Movement Shabbateanism was the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history subsequent to the destruction of the Temple … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FRANK, JACOB, AND THE FRANKISTS — Jacob Frank (1726–1791) was the founder of a Jewish sect named after him which comprised the last stage in the development of the Shabbatean movement. He was born Jacob b. Judah Leib in Korolowka (Korolevo), a small town in Podolia. His family… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CARDOZO (Cardoso), ABRAHAM MIGUEL — (1626–1706), an outstanding leader of the Shabbatean movement and brother of isaac cardozo . Cardozo was born in Rio Seco, Spain, to a Marrano family. He studied medicine at the University of Salamanca and, according to his own testimony, two… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EMDEN, JACOB — (pen name Yaveẓ; derived from Ya akov Ben Ẓevi; 1697–1776), rabbi, halakhic authority, kabbalist, and anti Shabbatean polemicist. Emden was regarded as one of the outstanding scholars of his generation. Emden s teacher was his father Ẓevi Hirsch… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EYBESCHUETZ, JONATHAN — (ben Nathan Nata; 1690/95–1764), talmudist and kabbalist. Eybeschuetz, a child prodigy, studied in Poland, Moravia, and Prague. In his youth, after the death of his father, he studied in Prossnitz under Meir Eisenstadt and Eliezer ha Levi… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MALAKH, ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON — (between 1650 and 1660–1716 or 1717), leader of the Shabbatean sect. Malakh was born in Kalish. Nothing is known about his early career, but he became a highly respected rabbinic scholar, kabbalist, and preacher. He was soon attracted by the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PROSSNITZ, JUDAH LEIB BEN JACOB HOLLESCHAU — (c. 1670–1730), Shabbatean prophet. Born in Uhersky Brod, he settled in Prossnitz (Prostejov) after his marriage. An uneducated man, he made his living as a peddler. About 1696 he underwent a spiritual awakening and began to study the Mishnah,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PROVIDENCE — PROVIDENCE, in religion and philosophy, God s guidance or care of His creatures, emanating from His constant concern for them and for the achievement of His purposes. Providence includes both supervision of the acts of men and the guidance of the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ANTINOMIANISM — (from Greek anti, against, and nomos, law ), opposition to the law and, more especially, a religiously inspired rejection and abolition of moral, ritual, and other traditionally accepted rules and standards. Antinomianism in the narrow sense has… … Encyclopedia of Judaism