Hess, Moses

(1812–75)
   Early German Zionist socialist. A student of philosophy at Bonn, Hess was caught up in the revolutionary socialist movement of the time, writing left-wing books and articles and helping to produce radical publications. After the suppression of the liberal uprising in 1848, he had to leave Germany. The rest of his life was spent mainly in Paris, with intervals in Belgium and Switzerland. Hess worked for some years with MARX and Engels. However, he never completely accepted the Marxist concept of dialectic materialism, but stressed the moral aspect of socialism as the road to ‘free labour’ and human self-development. Like other Jewish left-wing intellectuals, Hess regarded anti-Semitism as a relic of the reactionary past, that would disappear in a progressive socialist society. In his later years, he became disillusioned with that facile approach. In 1862 he published a short book, Rome and Jerusalem, putting forward a completely different solution. Its point of departure was that German anti-Semitism was based on race and nationhood, and would not be eliminated by Jewish assimilation or conversion. The Jews should accept that they too were a separate nation, and revive their independence in Palestine, where they would develop a just society on socialist lines. The book attracted little attention when it came out, and was attacked by the movement for Reform Judaism. Hess died in obscurity after the Franco-Prussian war. It was only in recent times that interest grew in him as an important pre-Herzl Zionist. HEVESY, George Charles de 1885– 1966. Hungarian chemist and Nobel laureate, 1943. Hevesy was born in Budapest and became a professor at Freiburg University in Germany until he was compelled by the Nazis to resign in 1934. He then worked in Copenhagen until 1943, when he escaped from the Nazi occupation to Sweden in a rowing boat. In the same year he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, for developing the use of radioactive isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical and biological processes.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • HESS, MOSES — (1812–1875), German socialist, a precursor of modern Zionism, and father of Zionist Socialism. Born in Bonn, Hess remained there with his Orthodox grandfather when in 1817 his father moved to Cologne, where he owned a grocery and a sugar refinery …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hess, Moses — ▪ German author and Zionist original name  Moritz Hess   born June 21, 1812, Bonn [Germany] died April 6, 1875, Paris, Fr.       German journalist and socialist who influenced Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and who was an important early… …   Universalium

  • Hess, Moses — (1812 75)    Early Zionist thinker. Born in Bonn, Germany, he was one of the first to try to integrate two powerful ideological and political forces socialism and Zionism. His book, Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Problem, published in 1862 …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Hess, Moses — (1812 75)    German socialist. He was born in Bonn. In 1841 he helped found the socialist daily Rheinische Zeitung, of which Karl Marx became editor. Subsequently he lived in Belgium, Switzerland and Paris. In 1862 he published Rome and Jerusalem …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Moses Hess — (auch Moses Heß; * 21. Juni 1812 in Bonn; † 6. April 1875 in Paris) war ein deutsch jüdischer Philosoph und Schriftsteller. Er gehörte zu den Frühsozialisten und war ein Vorläufer der Zionisten. Gebur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses Heß — Moses Hess Moses Hess (auch Moses Heß) (* 21. Juni 1812 in Bonn; † 6. April 1875 in Paris) war ein deutsch jüdischer Philosoph und Schriftsteller. Er gehörte zu den Frühsozialisten) und war ein Vorläufer der Zionisten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses Hess — Moses (Moshe) Hess (June 21, 1812 – April 6, 1875) was a Jewish philosopher and socialist, and one of the founders of Labor Zionism. Contents 1 Life …   Wikipedia

  • Moses Hess — (en hebreo: משה הס) (originalmente Moritz Hess) (Bonn, 21 de junio de 1812 París, 6 de abril de 1875) fue un judío precursor de lo que después se conocería como sionismo y sionismo socialista. Sus obras más important …   Wikipedia Español

  • HESS (M.) — HESS MOSES (1812 1875) Fils d’un petit industriel allemand, Moses Hess naît dans une famille juive de Bonn; il s’initie aux affaires, commence des études de philosophie à Bonn et publie en 1837 L’Histoire sainte de l’humanité par un disciple de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MOSES — bezeichnet: Mose, Musa oder Moses, die Zentralfigur des „Pentateuch“, führte der biblischen Überlieferung zufolge die Israeliten aus Ägypten in das kanaanäische Land Pentateuch, die „Fünf Bücher Moses“ (440 v. Chr.) in der jüdischen Tora und im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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