- (19–20th century)Russian bankers and philanthropists. For three generations, the Guenzburg family were the leaders of the St Petersburg Jewish community, the unofficial intermediaries between Russian Jewry and the czarist authorities, and generous philanthropists. From the 1850s they maintained a domicile in Paris as well.The family fortune was started in the early part of the 19 century with liquor concessions and army contracting, and expanded by the Guenzburg bank founded in St Petersburg in 1859. It made lucrative investments in railway construction and gold mining. The hereditary title of baron was bestowed in 1871 by the Archduke of Hesse-Darmstadt, whose interests they represented in Russia.The founder of the house, Baron Joseph Yozel (1812–68) used his influence to relax the restrictions on Jewish residence outside the Pale of Settlement, helped to found the Society for the Promotion of Culture among the Jews of Russia (1863), and provided funds for Jewish agriculture and higher education. His second son, Baron Horace (Naphtali Herz) (1833–1909), was a partner in the family bank, a state councillor, and consul-general for Hesse-Darmstadt. He was a noted patron of the arts, science, literature and music. During the period of reaction from 1880 onwards, he made efforts to modify the harsh 1882. May Laws, and to rally the Russian Jewish community to withstand the pogroms. Baron David (1857–1910), son of Horace, devoted himself to Judaic and oriental scholarship, and sponsored a number of academic bodies and periodicals. In 1908 he established a Jewish Academy in St Petersburg, and attracted leading scholars to give lectures at it. His niece married Sir Isaiah BERLIN of Oxford.
Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. Joan Comay . 2012.
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GUENZBURG — GUENZBURG, distinguished Russian family of bankers, philanthropists, and communal workers, of whom three generations were active during the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries in Russia and Paris. They gained a place in modern Jewish … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GUENZBURG — (also Guensburg, Guenzberg, Ginzburg, Ginsburg, Ginzberg, Ginsberg, Ginzburger, Ginsburger), family name common among East European Jews, especially in Russia. The first known Jews to call themselves by this name (after the beginning of the 16th… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GUENZBURG, ILYA YAKOVLEVICH — (1860?–1939), Russian sculptor. Born into a traditional family in Vilna, Guenzburg attracted the attention of mark antokolski at the age of 11, and went with him to St. Petersburg where he studied under Antokolski himself. The art historian V.V.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SAINT PETERSBURG — (Petrograd from 1914 to 1924; Leningrad from 1924 to 1992), capital of Russia until 1918, now in the Russian Federation; industrial city and major port on the Baltic Sea. Some apostates or Marranos appeared in St. Petersburg soon after its… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MAGGID-STEINSCHNEIDER, HILLEL NOAH — (1829–1903), Hebrew scholar and writer. Maggid Steinschneider, born in Vilna, owed the first part of his name to his grandfather Phinehas, who was Maggid in Vilna, and the second part to his profession, stonemasonry (Steinschneider). He also was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MODERN TIMES – TO 1880 — introduction dawn of the enlightenment influence of mercantilist absolutism on jewish status arguments for toleration moses mendelssohn egalitarianism and emancipation in the u.s. the french revolution napoleon bonaparte and the french sanhedrin… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ROSENTHAL, LEON — (Judah Leib; 1817–1887), Russian financier, maskil and philanthropist. Rosenthal was born into a wealthy family in Vilna. His father, Moses, one of the first maskilim in Vilna, educated him in the spirit of the haskalah . After his marriage, he… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SIBERIA — (Rus. Sibir), Asiatic part of the Russian Federation, extending from the Urals in the west to the Pacific in the east. The first Jews went to Siberia from Lithuanian towns captured by the Russians in the Russo Polish war (1632–34); they were… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MANUSCRIPTS, HEBREW — MANUSCRIPTS, HEBREW, term which includes religious and secular books, as well as letters and documents written on papyrus, parchment, hides, and paper in Hebrew characters, sometimes using them for the writing of languages other than Hebrew, e.g … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BANKING AND BANKERS — Antiquity There is little likelihood that financial transactions played a prominent role in the pre Exilic epoch in Ereẓ Israel; according to the ethos of Jewish society, then founded on a pronounced agrarian structure, lending was part of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism