Grynszpan (Gruenspan), Herschel

(1921–?)
   Assassin of a Nazi diplomat. On 28 October 1938, Grynszpan, a seventeen-year-old youth, entered the German embassy in Paris and fired a pistol at the third secretary, Ernest von Rath. He then gave himself up to the French police. He had been driven to this act of desperation by a postcard from his elderly parents in Hanover, Germany, who had been rounded up with twelve thousand other Polish Jews, dumped across the border and left exposed and starving in a no-man’s-land because the Polish government refused to accept them. Herschel wanted to draw world attention to the persecution of the Jews by the HITLER regime.
   Two days later Ernst von Rath died of his wound. The Nazi authorities seized on this as a pretext to smash the German Jewish community by a ‘spontaneous’ nationwide pogrom that had been prepared for some time. This action became known as the Kristallnacht, from the broken glass that littered the ground wherever Jews were located in Germany. All the synagogues, nearly six hundred of them, were burnt or damaged. Everywhere Jews were killed or beaten up and their homes looted. Thirty thousand of them were flung into concentration camps. Businesses were confiscated and transferred to Aryans. The worldwide protests were brushed off by the German government. A shameless collective fine of a million marks was imposed on the German Jews, ostensibly to pay for the damage.
   On the capitulation of France in 1940, Grynszpan escaped to Vichy France but on returning to the Occupied Zone, he fell into the hands of the Gestapo and was never heard of again.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GRYNSZPAN (Gruenspan), HERSCHEL — (1921–?), assassin of a German diplomat in Paris. Grynszpan, who was born in Hanover, Germany, into a family of Polish Jews, moved to Paris early in 1938. When he learned that Polish Jews, including his parents, were being deported from Germany… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Herschel Grynszpan — Herschel Feibel Grynszpan nach seiner Festnahme durch die französische Polizei Herschel Feibel Grynszpan (manchmal auch: Grünspan; * 28. März 1921 in Hannover; verschollen 1942) war ein in der Weimarer Republik geborener und aufgewachsener …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grynszpan — Herschel Grynszpan Herschel Grynszpan, le 7 novembre 1938. Herschel Feidel Grynszpan (né le 28 mars 1921 à Hanovre, en Allemagne et décédé probablement entre 1944 et 1945) était un jeune juif polonais qui, en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herschel Grynszpan — Herschel Grynszpan, le 7 novembre 1938. Herschel Feidel Grynszpan, né le 28 mars 1921 à Hanovre, en Allemagne et mort probablement entre 1944 et 1945, est un juif polonais qui, le 7 novembre 1938, a assassiné Ernst vom …   Wikipédia en Français

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