Graetz, Heinrich

(1817–91)
   German-Jewish historian. Graetz is chiefly famous for his History of the Jews, published in eleven volumes between 1853 and 1876. It remained the standard work on the subject for several decades. Its tone is often that of a passionate defence of the Jews and the last volume, dealing with modern times, produced a sharp attack on the author by the Prussian nationalist historian Heinrich von Treitschke. He accused Graetz of hating Christianity and of being a Jewish nationalist, and saw in the work proof that the Jews could never become true Germans. In the ensuing controversy many of Graetz’s fellow Jews felt it necessary to dissociate themselves from some of his views. Indeed, his clearly revealed prejudices against the Reform movement, Chassidism and Eastern European Jews in general, made the work the subject of strong criticism also by Jews. In spite of the controversial aspects of his history, Graetz was honoured by the Jewish public and by many learned societies; the work itself went into several editions and was translated into many languages from the original German.
   Graetz wrote a considerable amount of Bible criticism as well as history. He visited Palestine in 1872.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • GRAETZ, HEINRICH — (Hirsch; 1817–1891), Jewish historian and Bible scholar. Graetz was born in Xions (Ksiaz Wielkopolski), Poznan, the son of a butcher. From 1831 to 1836 he went to the yeshivah in Wolstein (now Wolsztyn) near Poznan. At the same time, Graetz… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Graetz, Heinrich — ▪ German historian born Oct. 31, 1817, Xions, Prussia died Sept. 7, 1891, Munich, Ger.       German author of a major history of the Jews that became the first standard work in the field.       Greatly influenced by his studies with the renowned… …   Universalium

  • Graetz, Heinrich — (1817 91)    German historian and biblical scholar. He was born in Xions, in the district of Posen. He lectured in Jewish history and the Bible at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau; in 1869 he was made an honorary professor at the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Heinrich Hirsch Graetz — Heinrich Graetz, circa 1885 Heinrich Graetz (Heinrich Hirsch Graetz; * 31. Oktober[1] 1817 in Xions, Provinz Posen; † 7. September 1891 in München[2]) war ein deutsch jüdischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Graetz — Heinrich Graetz, circa 1885 Heinrich Graetz (Heinrich Hirsch Graetz; * 31. Oktober[1] 1817 in Xions, Provinz Posen; † 7. September 1891 in München[2]) war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Grätz — Heinrich Graetz Heinrich Graetz Nom de naissance Tzvi Hirsh Graetz Naissance 31 octobre 1817 Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Graetz, Gesch. — Heinrich Graetz Heinrich Graetz Nom de naissance Tzvi Hirsh Graetz Naissance 31 octobre 1817 Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heinrich Graetz — (October 31, 1817 September 7, 1891) was amongst the first historians to write a comprehensive history of the Jewish people from a Jewish perspective.Born Tzvi Hirsh Graetz to a butcher family in Książ Wielkopolski (Poznań) in Germany (now in… …   Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Graetz — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Graetz. Heinrich Graetz Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Graetz (homonymie) — Graetz Graetz ou Grätz ou Gratz est un nom de lieu, un nom de famille porté par plusieurs personnalités. En argot internet, gratz ou gz signifie toutes mes félicitations Toponyme Grodzisk Wielkopolski (en allemand Grätz), ville universitaire de… …   Wikipédia en Français

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