Golomb, Eliyahu

(1893–1945)
   Haganah leader. Golomb came to Palestine from Russia at the age of sixteen, and after graduating from the Herzliah Gymnazia in Tel Aviv, went to work in Degania. In 1918 he joined the Jewish Legion in the British army, and encouraged others to do so in the hope that the legion would be the nucleus of Jewish self-defence in Palestine. He came out of it in 1920 with the rank of corporal and was one of a small Histadrut committee that planned the Haganah. In the years to come, his chief concern was with the development and training of the Haganah, and he came to be regarded as its father.
   The Arab rebellion that started in 1936 was a testing time for yishuv defence. Golomb and his colleagues maintained a policy of havlagah (self-restraint) which ruled out reprisals against the Arab civilian population. On the other hand, Golomb was responsible for the formation of plugot sadeh (field units) trained to seek out and engage the Arab bands. He helped develop this concept of active defence into the Palmach, the striking force of the Haganah. Golomb was associated with Arlosoroff in unsuccessful efforts to persuade JABOTINSKY and his Revisionist movement to rejoin the Zionist organization, and to bring the two dissident groups, Etzel and Lehi, under joint command with the Haganah.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • GOLOMB, ELIYAHU — (1893–1945), leader of Jewish defense in Palestine and main architect of the haganah . Born in Volkovysk, Belorussia, Golomb went to Ereẓ Israel in 1909 and was a pupil in the Herzlia High School s first graduating class of 1913. He organized his …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Golomb, Eliyahu — (1893 1945)    Born in Volkovysk, Russia, he immigrated (see ALIYA) to Palestine as a youth and graduated from Her zliya High School. He served with the Jewish Legion of British forces in Palestine during World War I and was active in the Zionist …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Golomb, Eliyahu — (1893 1945)    Palestinian Zionist. He was born in Belorussia and settled in Palestine in 1909. At the outbreak of World War I he helped to form an independent Jewish defence force. From 1921 he was a member of the Haganah Committee of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eliyahu Golomb — (1893 1945) was the leader of the Jewish defense effort in Mandate Palestine and chief architect of the Haganah, the underground military organization for defense of the Yishuv between 1920 and 1948. Early lifeEliyahu Golomb came to Palestine,… …   Wikipedia

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