Gaster, Moses

(1856–1939)
   British chacham and scholar. After having been ordained as a rabbi in Breslau, Gaster was professor of Romanian literature at the University of Bucharest until he was expelled in 1885 for demanding Jewish rights. He settled in England, occupied the chair of Slavonic languages at Oxford in 1886, and in 1887 was appointed chacham, spiritual leader, of the English Sephardi community. He held the post until he retired in 1918 and his breadth of scholarship and strong (and sometimes combative) personality raised the prestige of his congregation. His voluminous writings covered religious themes, folklore and Samaritan literature.
   An early Zionist, Gaster was vice-president of the first four Zionist congresses and president of the English Zionist Federation (1907). He worked with Dr WEIZMANN in the efforts that led to the BALFOUR Declaration in 1917. GAVSIE, Charles 1906–67. Canadian public official. A Montreal lawyer, from 1941 Gavsie served in a number of senior government posts, rising to become deputy minister of national revenue and taxation. In 1954, he was appointed vice-president of the gigantic St Lawrence Seaway Authority, and he served as president for a year.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • GASTER, MOSES — (1856–1939), rabbi, scholar, and Zionist leader. Gaster was born in Bucharest and studied at the University of Breslau and the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau, where he was ordained in 1881. He taught Romanian language and literature in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gaster, Moses — (1856 1939)    British rabbi and scholar. He was born in Bucharest and taught Romanian language and literature in the university there. Later he settled in England. He taught Slavonic literature at Oxford University. In 1887 he was appointed H… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Moses Gaster — in 1904 Born September 17, 1856(1856 09 17) Bucharest Died March 5, 1939 …   Wikipedia

  • Moses Gaster — en 1904 Moses Gaster, né le 17 septembre 1856 à Bucarest et mort le 5 mars 1939, est un hébraïste britannique d origine roumaine. De culture séfarade, il était hakham de la congrégation londonienne des Juifs espagnols et portugais. Il est gendre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moses Gaster — (1904) Moses Gaster (* 16. September 1856 in Bukarest; † 5. März 1939 bei Abingdon, England) war sephardischer Oberrabbiner (Hacham) Englands 1887–1918, jüdischer Gelehrter und Volkskundler. Er gehörte zu den ersten Chowewe Zion in Rumänien und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaster — (zu gastrum, gr. γαστήρ gastron „Bauch“, „Magen“) medizinische Bezeichnung für den Magen einen Teil des Hinterleibs von Taillenwespen, siehe Gaster (Hautflügler) Gaster, geografische Namen: Gaster (Bezirk), ein ehemaliger Bezirk im Kanton St.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaster (surname) — This article is about the surname Gaster. For the anatomical use of the word, see Gaster. Gaster is a surname which may refer to: * Gaster french huguenot 1695 poplar, London. * Moses Gaster (1856 1939), Romanian British Sephardi rabbi and… …   Wikipedia

  • MOSES, BLESSING OF — Deuteronomy 33 is presented as Moses blessing of the tribes of Israel shortly before his death, and it is traditionally considered a prophecy of future conditions. The critical view, however, is not that the poem is actually Mosaic, for it… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gaster, Theodor Herzl — (1906 92)    American educator and scholar, son of Moses Gaster. He was born in London. He taught comparative religion at Dropsie College in Philadelphia and at other universities in the US. His writings include: Passover: Its History and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • The Sword of Moses — is the title of a List of apocryphal Hebrew book of magic edited by Moses Gaster in 1896 from a 13th or 14th century manuscript. Gaster assumed that the text predates the 11th century, based on a letter by Haya Gaon (d. 1037) which mentions the… …   Wikipedia

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